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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 3/2006

01-06-2006

Breadth and Intensity of Youth Activity Involvement as Contexts for Positive Development

Auteurs: Linda Rose-Krasnor, Michael A. Busseri, Teena Willoughby, Heather Chalmers

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 3/2006

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Abstract

Research has linked youth activity involvement to positive development. However, past studies have confounded at least two separable dimensions of involvement: breadth (number of activities) and intensity (participation frequency). Theory and the limited available evidence suggest that these dimensions may make independent contributions to development. Based on self-reports from 7430 high school students, this study assessed whether breadth and intensity dimensions were related to each other, to a typical aggregate measure of involvement, and to various indicators of positive development. Breadth and intensity were moderately interrelated and, in combination, they explained the majority of the variance in the typical involvement measure. Both dimensions were positively related to each development index. When examined simultaneously, only breadth had a unique relation with each developmental index. Further, evidence of nonlinear effects was found. Findings were consistent across age levels. Implications for measurement of involvement and interpretations of the extant research are discussed.
Voetnoten
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Gender was also explored as a potential moderating variable. To do so, hierarchical regression models were tested for each developmental index entering age, gender, and parental education as predictors in step 1, breadth and intensity measures in step 2, and five nonlinear terms (breadth2, intensity2, breadth by intensity, gender by breadth, gender by intensity) in step 3. In each regression model, the interactions involving gender were nonsignificant. Similarly, results were nonsignificant when social class (using the parental education variable as a proxy indicator) was tested as a moderator instead of gender.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Breadth and Intensity of Youth Activity Involvement as Contexts for Positive Development
Auteurs
Linda Rose-Krasnor
Michael A. Busseri
Teena Willoughby
Heather Chalmers
Publicatiedatum
01-06-2006
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 3/2006
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-006-9037-6

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