Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

12-09-2020 | Original Article

Brain of Thrones: Cognitive Effort and Perceived Performance During a Cognitive Task in Major Depressive Disorder

Tijdschrift:
Cognitive Therapy and Research
Auteurs:
Chelsea Wood-Ross, Michael W. Best, Melissa Milanovic, Christopher R. Bowie
Belangrijke opmerkingen

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10608-020-10145-w) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Background

Cognitive impairment is a characteristic feature of depression and a robust predictor of everyday functioning. Cognitive remediation is a promising treatment for neurocognitive dysfunction in depression. However, treatment studies have shown that those with depression often do not apply their cognitive gains to everyday life. Features of depression may account for mixed outcomes, including avoidance and negative perceptions of abilities. The present investigation examined how individuals with depression engage with a novel cognitive task created to resemble exercises used in cognitive remediation.

Methods

Twenty-eight individuals with depression and 24 healthy comparison (HC) participants completed a computerized cognitive task while EEG was recorded. Participants were asked to indicate how they would like to adjust task difficulty and how many of the trials they believed they got correct.

Results

Participants with depression did not significantly differ from HC on objective performance accuracy. However, participants with depression opted to decrease their difficulty level significantly more than HC on high challenge levels. Additionally, individuals with depression had significantly greater EEG alpha power on high challenge levels than low challenge levels, suggesting increased disengagement from the task on more challenging levels.

Conclusions

Avoidance of cognitive challenges in depression has implications for understanding mechanisms related to cognitive performance and efforts to modify cognitive impairment.

Log in om toegang te krijgen

Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:

BSL Psychologie Totaal

Met BSL Psychologie Totaal blijft u als professional steeds op de hoogte van de nieuwste ontwikkelingen binnen uw vak. Met het online abonnement heeft u toegang tot een groot aantal boeken, protocollen, vaktijdschriften en e-learnings op het gebied van psychologie en psychiatrie. Zo kunt u op uw gemak en wanneer het u het beste uitkomt verdiepen in uw vakgebied.

Extra materiaal
Alleen toegankelijk voor geautoriseerde gebruikers
Literatuur
Over dit artikel