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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 10/2011

01-10-2011 | Original Paper

Birth Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders in the San Francisco Bay Area by Demographic and Ascertainment Source Characteristics

Auteurs: Gayle C. Windham, Meredith C. Anderson, Lisa A. Croen, Karen S. Smith, John Collins, Judith K. Grether

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 10/2011

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Abstract

Using standardized methods for multi-source surveillance, we calculated the prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) among children born in a racially diverse region in 1994 or 1996 as 4.7/1000 live births. Children with ASD before age 9 were identified through chart abstraction at health-related sources; three-quarters were being served by the state-wide Department of Developmental Services. In adjusted models, we found a male:female ratio of 6:1, a doubling of ASD prevalence among children of older mothers (40+), and lower prevalence with lower paternal education. Children of Black or Hispanic mothers had lower prevalence than those of White, non-Hispanic mothers, but these differences were attenuated after adjustment. Prevalence in children of Asian mothers was similar to Whites. Potential under-counting is discussed.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Birth Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders in the San Francisco Bay Area by Demographic and Ascertainment Source Characteristics
Auteurs
Gayle C. Windham
Meredith C. Anderson
Lisa A. Croen
Karen S. Smith
John Collins
Judith K. Grether
Publicatiedatum
01-10-2011
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 10/2011
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-010-1160-2