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01-09-2014 | Original Paper

Binding of Multiple Features in Memory by High-Functioning Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Auteurs: Dermot M. Bowler, Sebastian B. Gaigg, John M. Gardiner

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 9/2014

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Abstract

Diminished episodic memory and diminished use of semantic information to aid recall by individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are both thought to result from diminished relational binding of elements of complex stimuli. To test this hypothesis, we asked high-functioning adults with ASD and typical comparison participants to study grids in which some cells contained drawings of objects in non-canonical colours. Participants were told at study which features (colour, item, location) would be tested in a later memory test. In a second experiment, participants studied similar grids and were told that they would be tested on object-location or object-colour combinations. Recognition of combinations was significantly diminished in ASD, which survived covarying performance on the Color Trails Test (D’Elia et al. Color trails test. Professional manual. Psychological Assessment Resources, Lutz, 1996), a test of executive difficulties. The findings raise the possibility that medial temporal as well as frontal lobe processes are dysfunctional in ASD.
Voetnoten
1
Although for some individuals observations of difficulties in the domains of communication (N = 4) or Reciprocal Social Interaction (N = 3) did not reach relevant clinical cut-off criteria, sub cut-off difficulties were evident in all individuals. More importantly, all participants had clear statements about their diagnosis by qualified health professionals, and it is widely accepted that ADOS scores must not take precedence over a clinical diagnosis. We thus took the conservative decision not to employ ADOS scores as an exclusion criterion.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Binding of Multiple Features in Memory by High-Functioning Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Auteurs
Dermot M. Bowler
Sebastian B. Gaigg
John M. Gardiner
Publicatiedatum
01-09-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 9/2014
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-014-2105-y

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