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Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 11/2022

12-10-2022 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Bidirectional Longitudinal Relationship Between Chinese Children’s Paternal and Maternal Attachment and Self-Compassion

Auteurs: Ruibo Xie, Die Wang, Wei Wu, Zhifan Yuan, Xiuyun Lin, Weijian Li, Wan Ding

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 11/2022

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Abstract

Objectives

Abundant evidence has demonstrated that self-compassion is beneficial in alleviating psychological problems and improving mental health. However, little attention has been paid to the developmental mechanism of self-compassion in childhood. Few studies have examined the influence of paternal/maternal attachment on children’s self-compassion in childhood. Moreover, it remains unclear whether children’s self-compassion affects their interactions with their parents. The purpose of this study is to explore the bidirectional relationship between paternal/maternal attachment and children’s self-compassion.

Methods

Participants (N = 990; 64.6% male, Mage = 9.58, SDage = 0.70) were recruited from three primary schools in Anhui Province, China. Participants completed three self-report questionnaires assessing children’s self-compassion, paternal attachment, and maternal attachment at two times (approximately spaced 1 year between two time points).

Results

The results displayed that paternal attachment significantly only predicted boys’ self-compassion. In contrast, the effects of maternal attachment on children’s self-compassion appeared to be of negligible magnitude among both boys and girls. In addition, we also found that self-compassion positively predicted paternal attachment and maternal attachment among both boys and girls.

Conclusions

Our findings highlight that paternal attachment promotes the development of self-compassion in Chinese children (especially boys), and that children’s self-compassion promotes paternal and maternal attachment. Future interventions should focus on the important role of paternal attachment in the development of self-compassion in children (especially boys). In addition, future research could consider interventions based on children’s self-compassion to improve the quality of parent–child interactions.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Bidirectional Longitudinal Relationship Between Chinese Children’s Paternal and Maternal Attachment and Self-Compassion
Auteurs
Ruibo Xie
Die Wang
Wei Wu
Zhifan Yuan
Xiuyun Lin
Weijian Li
Wan Ding
Publicatiedatum
12-10-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 11/2022
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-022-02001-7

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