Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Are depressive symptoms in middle childhood associated with more or less realistic social self-perceptions? At the beginning and end of the school year, children in grades 3 through 5 (n=667) rated how much they liked their classmates, predicted the acceptance ratings they would receive from each of their classmates, and completed self-report measures of perceived acceptance and depressive symptoms. Accuracy of perceived acceptance was indexed by the mean difference between pairs of predicted and received ratings (absolute values). Standardized residual scores created by regressing self-reported perceived acceptance (either predicted ratings or children's responses to a questionnaire measure of perceived peer acceptance) onto peer acceptance ratings formed two measures of bias. Bi-directional associations were found for accuracy of perceived acceptance and depressive symptoms; inaccurate perceptions predicted increases in depressive symptoms and depressive symptoms predicted decreased accuracy. Neither measure of bias predicted changes in depressive symptoms. Depressive symptoms predicted increases in negatively biased perceptions as assessed via questionnaire.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Ackerman, R., & DeRubeis, R. J. (1991). Is depressive realism real? Clinical Psychology Review, 11, 565–584. CrossRef
Alloy, L. B., & Abramson, L. Y. (1979). Judgement of contingency in depressed and nondepressed students: Sadder but wiser? Journal of Experimental Psychology General, 109, 441–485. CrossRef
Allport, G. W. (1937). Personality: A psychological interpretation. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.
Anderson, J. C., Williams, S., McGee, R., & Silva, P. A. (1987). DSM-III disorders in preadolescent children. Archives of General Psychiatry, 44, 69–76. PubMed
Balthazor, M. J. (1995). Adolescents’ perceptions of their social acceptance: The relationship between illusory self-perceptions and depressive symptomology. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Florida State University, Tallahassee.
Beck, A. T. (1967). Depression: Clinical, experimental, and theoretical aspects. New York: Harper and Row.
Beck, A. T., Rush, A. J., Shaw, B., & Emery, G. (1979). Cognitive therapy of depression. New York: Guilford.
Cillesen, A. H. N., & Bellmore, A. D. (1999). Accuracy of social self-perceptions and peer competence in middle childhood. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 45, 650–676.
Cole, D. A., Maxwell, S. E., & Martin, J. M. (1997). Reflected self-appraisals: Strength and structure of the relation of teacher, peer, and parent ratings to children's self-perceived competencies. Journal of Educational Psychology, 89, 55–70. CrossRef
Coyne, J. C. (1976). Toward an interactional description of depression. Psychiatry, 39, 28–40. PubMed
Crick, N. R., & Dodge, K. A. (1994). A review and reformulation of social information-processing mechanisms in children's social adjustment. Psychological Bulletin, 115, 74–101. CrossRef
Damon, W., & Hart, D. (1988). Self-understanding in childhood and adolescence. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Dodge, K. A. (1986). A social information-processing model of social competence in children. In M. Perlmutter (Ed.), The Minnesota symposia on child psychology, Vol. 18. Cognitive perspectives in children's social and behavioral development (pp. 77–125). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Haaga, D. A. F., & Beck, A. T. (1995). Perspectives on depressive realism: Implications for cognitive theory of depression. Behavior Research and Therapy, 33, 41–48 CrossRef
Hammen, C., & Compas, B. (1994). Unmasking masked depression: The problem of co morbidity in child and adolescent depression. Clinical Psychology Review, 14, 585–603. CrossRef
Harter, S. (1985). Self-Perception Profile for Children. Denver, CO: University of Denver.
Harter, S. (1998). The development of self-representations. In W. Damon (Series Ed.) & N. Eisenberg (Vol. Ed.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 3. Social, emotional, and personality development (pp. 103–196). New York: Wiley.
Hartup, W. (1983). Peer relations. In E. M. Hetherington (Ed.) & P. H. Mussen (Series Ed.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 4. Socialization, personality, and social development (pp. 103–196). New York: Wiley.
Hoffman, K. B., Cole, D. A., Martin, J. M., Tram, J., & Seroczynski, A. D. (2000). Are the discrepancies between self- and others’ appraisals of competence predictive or reflective of depressive symptoms in children and adolescents: A longitudinal study, Part II. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 109, 651–662. PubMedCrossRef
Jahoda, M. (1958). Current concepts of positive mental health. New York: Basic Books.
Kistner, J. A., Balthazor, M., Risi, S., & David, C. (2001). Adolescents’ perceptions of peer acceptance: Is dysphoria associated with greater realism? Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 20, 69–84. CrossRef
Kistner, J. A., David, C. F., Lonigan, C. J., & Hooe, E. (2000). Accuracy of children's perceptions of their peer acceptance: Is ignorance bliss? Unpublished manuscript.
Kovacs, M. (1992). Children's depression inventory manual. North Tonawanda, NY: Multi-Health Systems.
Malloy, T. E., Yarlas, A., Montvilo, R. K., & Sugarman, D. B. (1996). Agreement and accuracy in children's interpersonal perceptions: A social relations analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 7, 692–702. CrossRef
McGee, R., Feehan, M., Williams, S., Partridge, F., Silva, P. A., & Kelly, J. (1990). DSM-III disorders in a large sample of adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 29, 611–619. PubMed
Rogers, C. (1959). A theory of therapy, personality, and interpersonal relations, developed in the client-centered framework. In S. Koch (Ed.), Psychology: A study of a science (Vol. 3, pp. 185–256). New York: McGraw-Hill.
Swann, W. B., Jr. (1983). Self-verification: Bringing social reality into harmony with the self. In J. Suls & A. G. Greenwald (Eds.), Social psychological perspectives on the self (Vol. 2, pp. 33–66). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Taylor, S. E., Lerner, J. S., Sherman, D. K., Sage, R. M., & McDowell, N. K. (2003). Portrait of the self-enhancer: Well-adjusted and well-liked or maladjusted and friendless? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 165–176. PubMed
Verhulst, F. C., Van Der Ende, J., Ferdinand, R. F., & Kasius, M. C. (1997). The prevalence of DSM-III-R diagnoses in a national sample of Dutch adolescents. Archives of General Psychiatry, 54, 329–336. PubMed
Weisz, J. R., Rudolph, K. D., Granger, D. A., & Sweeney, L. (1992). Cognition, competence, and coping in child and adolescent depression: Research findings, developmental concerns, therapeutic implications. Development and Psychopathology, 4, 627–653. CrossRef
Zeiss, A. M., & Lewinsohn, P. J. (1988). Enduring deficits after remissions of depression: A test of the scar hypothesis. Behavior Research and Therapy, 26, 151–158. CrossRef
- Bias and Accuracy of Children's Perceptions of Peer Acceptance: Prospective Associations with Depressive Symptoms
Janet A. Kistner
Corinne F. David-Ferdon
Karla K. Repper
Thomas E. Joiner Jr.
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers