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08-01-2018 | Original Paper | Uitgave 5/2018

Journal of Child and Family Studies 5/2018

Behavioral Profiles of Youth Who have Experienced Victimization

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Child and Family Studies > Uitgave 5/2018
Auteurs:
Lynette M. Renner, Shamra Boel-Studt, Stephen D. Whitney

Abstract

Victimization has been associated with increased depression, anxiety, anger, and delinquency; yet, research on adolescent victimization has largely relied on variable-centered approaches to examine associations with singular outcomes. With secondary data from the Developmental Victimization Survey, we utilized latent profile analysis to identify subgroups of youth, ages 12–17, based on clusters of internalizing and externalizing behaviors. We also examined how the behavioral outcome clusters were associated with different forms of victimization. Four behavioral subscales were included within the latent profile analysis and a four-class model had the best fit. Youth in Class 3 (high depression, anxiety, anger, and delinquency) were significantly more likely to have experienced peer/sibling victimization and to have experienced indirect victimization than youth in Class 2 (high depression, anxiety, and anger). The study findings indicate that certain types of victimization have greater consequences on mental health and that the unique clustering of symptoms is at least partially accounted for by the types of victimization experienced.

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