Encephalitis is a serious condition which can affect emotional, behavioral, cognitive, and intellectual functioning. Psychologists’ role in encephalitis rehabilitation is not standardized, but cognitive-behavioral therapy is well explored in other neurological conditions for the treatment of its comorbidities. For that reason, the aim of this article is to explore usefulness of behavioral interventions in encephalitis rehabilitation. In combined sample, only 32 patients were reportedly treated with behavioral interventions, out of which 17 (53.1%) were female. Majority of them were rehabilitated in post-encephalitis phase. Most popular treatment setting was rehabilitation institution, followed by combination of institutionalized and community rehabilitation. Researchers usually treated with behavioral interventions aggression, agitation, and deficits in functional living skills. Post-assessment measures showed that improvement is maintained from 1–12 months. Popular interventions included in vivo exposure, reinforcement, shaping, and aversion therapy. The author presents and discusses in detail practical guidelines for behavioral management techniques in encephalitis patients.