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13-04-2018 | Original Paper | Uitgave 12/2018 Open Access

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 12/2018

Autistic Traits in Treatment-Seeking Transgender Adults

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders > Uitgave 12/2018
Auteurs:
Anna Nobili, Cris Glazebrook, Walter Pierre Bouman, Derek Glidden, Simon Baron-Cohen, Carrie Allison, Paula Smith, Jon Arcelus
Belangrijke opmerkingen
The present research was presented as oral presentation at the EPATH (European Professional Association for Transgender Health in April 2017; Belgrade, Serbia). The present study is part of the doctoral dissertation of researcher Anna Nobili.

Abstract

The present study aimed to compare prevalence of autistic traits measured by the self-reported autism spectrum quotient-short (AQ-short) in a transgender clinical population (n = 656) matched by age and sex assigned at birth to a cisgender community sample. Results showed that transgender and cisgender people reported similar levels of possible autistic caseness. Transgender people assigned female were more likely to have clinically significant autistic traits compared to any other group. No difference was found between those assigned male. High AQ scores may not be indicative of the presence of an autism spectrum condition as the difference between groups mainly related to social behaviours; such scores may be a reflection of transgender people’s high social anxiety levels due to negative past experiences.

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