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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 4/2006

01-05-2006

‘Autistic’ Traits in Non-Autistic Japanese Populations: Relationships with Personality Traits and Cognitive Ability

Auteurs: Yura Kunihira, Atsushi Senju, Hitoshi Dairoku, Akio Wakabayashi, Toshikazu Hasegawa

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 4/2006

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Abstract

We explored the relationships between ‘autistic’ traits as measured by the AQ (Autism-Spectrum Quotient; Baron-Cohen et al., J. Autism Develop. Disord. (2001b) 31 5) and various personality traits or cognitive ability, which usually coincide with autistic symptoms, for general populations. Results showed the AQ was associated with tendencies toward an obsessional personality as defined by the TCI (Temperament and Character Inventory), higher depression and anxiety, and higher frequency of experience of being bullied. These results parallel the patterns in autism and corroborate the validity of the AQ for general populations. Contrary to our prediction, however, there was no relationship between the AQ and cognitive ability, such as theory of mind, executive functioning, and central coherence, suggesting the AQ does not reflect autism-specific cognitive patterns in general populations.
Voetnoten
1
The response rate in the subsequent individual investigation (=613/1364=about 45%) seems quite low. But probably it is because of cultural problem specific to Japan, because Japanese people are reportedly less willing to volunteer such an individual investigation (For example, Takuma, Amaha, & Ando (2001) reported that the usual level of involvement in Japanese population was only 15%). So in the response rate in our study was actually higher than those of usual Japanese survey. Moreover, we couldn’t get contact with all the candidates because some of them had changed their e-mail address or telephone number. This is also a reason why the number of participants in second investigation was so small.
 
2
GFI (the Goodness of Fit Index) varies from 0 to 1. By convention, GFI should by equal to or greater than .90 to accept the model. AGFI (the Adjusted Goodness of Fit Index) takes into account the degrees of freedom available for testing the model. It also varies from 0 to 1, and should be at least .90. AIC (the Akaike information criterion) is used for comparing models to each other. Smaller value is good, but it does not judge the merit of a single model.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
‘Autistic’ Traits in Non-Autistic Japanese Populations: Relationships with Personality Traits and Cognitive Ability
Auteurs
Yura Kunihira
Atsushi Senju
Hitoshi Dairoku
Akio Wakabayashi
Toshikazu Hasegawa
Publicatiedatum
01-05-2006
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 4/2006
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-006-0094-1