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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 3/2016

25-09-2015 | Original Paper

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) in Blind Children: Very High Prevalence, Potentially Better Outlook

Auteurs: Rubin Jure, Ramón Pogonza, Isabelle Rapin

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 3/2016

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Abstract

Autism spectrum disorders affected 19 of 38 unselected children at a school for the blind in Cordoba, Argentina. Autism was linked to total congenital blindness, not blindness’ etiology, acquired or incomplete blindness, sex, overt brain damage, or socioeconomic status. Autism “recovery,” had occurred in 4 verbal children. Congenital blindness causes profoundly deviant sensory experience and massive reorganization of brain connectivity. Its ≥30 times greater prevalence than in sighted children suggests a distinct pathogenesis. Unawareness of autism’s high prevalence in blind individuals includes blindness’ rarity, misunderstanding of autism as “disease” rather than dimensional behavioral diagnosis, reluctance to diagnose it in blind children, and ignorance of its potentially more favorable outcome. Future investigation may suggest interventions to prevent or mitigate it.
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Alleen toegankelijk voor geautoriseerde gebruikers
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1
3di Spanish Version Translated from the English version by Alexia Rattazzi MD. alexiapanaacea@gmail.com Fundación INECO. Buenos Aires. Argentina.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) in Blind Children: Very High Prevalence, Potentially Better Outlook
Auteurs
Rubin Jure
Ramón Pogonza
Isabelle Rapin
Publicatiedatum
25-09-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 3/2016
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-015-2612-5