Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s10803-015-2680-6) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Syndromic autism has been described in children adopted after orphanage rearing. We investigated whether the same existed in children adopted after family breakdown. Families of 54/60 adopted children aged 6–11 years (mean 102 months; SD 20; 45 % male) returned screening questionnaires for autism spectrum disorder (ASD); 21/54 (39 %) screened positive. Detailed in-person phenotyping of screen positive cases showed ASD in 6/54 (11 %), Broad ASD (sub threshold traits) in 10/54 (18.5 %); 5/54 (9 %) screened false positive. The ASD group showed impairments across both social communication and restrictive repetitive behaviour domains, Broad ASD was more mixed. These rates, much higher than population prevalence, are comparable with institutionalised samples. There are implications for developmental science, and assessment, treatment and policy for adopted children.
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 18 kb)10803_2015_2680_MOESM1_ESM.docx
Alyahri, A., & Goodman, R. (2006). Validation of the Arabic Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and the Development and Well-Being Assessment. East Mediterranean Health Journal, 12, S138–S146.
Bishop, D. (2001). The Children’s Communication Checklist, version 2 (CCC-2). London: Pearson Assessment.
Botting, N., & Conti-Ramsden, G. (2008). The role of language, social cognition, and social skill in the functional social outcomes of young adolescents with and without a history of SLI. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 26(2), 281–300. CrossRef
Cicchetti, D., Rogosch, F. A., Maughan, A., Toth, S. L., & Bruce, J. (2003). False belief understanding in maltreated children. Development and Psychopathology, 15, 1067–1091. PubMed
Colvert, E., Tick, B., McEwen, F., Stewart, C., Curran, S. R., Woodhouse, E., et al. (2015). Heritability of autism spectrum disorder in a UK population-based twin sample. Journal of the American Medical Association Psychiatry, 72(5), 415–423. PubMed
Hoyme, H. E., May, P. A., Kalberg, W. O., et al. (2005). A practical clinical approach to diagnosis of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: Clarification of the 1996 institute of medicine criteria. Pediatrics, 115(1), 39–47. PubMed
Jenkins, E. A. (2006). A study of minor physical anomalies in twin pairs ages 5–12 years: A predicator of behavioural variation. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh.
Le Couteur, A., Lord, C., & Rutter, M. (2003). The autism diagnostic interview - Revised (ADI-R). Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.
Lord, C., DiLavore, P., Risi, S., et al. (2012a). Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule - 2nd edition (ADOS). Los Angeles: Western Psychological Corporation.
Meltzer, H., Gatward, R., Goodman, R., & Ford, T. (2000). Mental health of children and adolescents in Great Britain. London: The Stationery Office. CrossRef
Pennington. (2012). It takes a village to raise a child. Retrieved from http://www.adoptionuk.org/sites/default/files/documents/Ittakesavillagetoraiseachild-Report-June12.pdf.
Rai, D., Lee, B. K., Dalman, C., et al. (2013). Parental depression, maternal antidepressant use during pregnancy, and risk of autism spectrum disorders: Population based case-control study. British Medical Journal, 346, 7907. CrossRef
Rees, C. A., & Selwyn, J. (2009). Non-infant adoption from care: Lessons for safeguarding children. Child: Care, Health and Development, 35(4), 561–567.
Selwyn, J., Wijedasa, D., & Meakings, S. (2014). Beyond the adoption order: Adoption disruption and families in crisis. London: Department for Education.
- Autism Spectrum Disorder in Children Adopted After Early Care Breakdown
- Springer US