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17-05-2021

Australian adolescent population norms for the child health utility index 9D—results from the young minds matter survey

Auteurs: Long Khanh-Dao Le, Scott Richards-Jones, Mary Lou Chatterton, Lidia Engel, David Lawrence, Chris Stevenson, Genevieve Pepin, Julie Ratcliffe, Michael Sawyer, Cathrine Mihalopoulos

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research | Uitgave 10/2021

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Abstract

Objective

Patient-reported outcomes of health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) are important descriptors of population health. A recent Australian adolescent population survey provided a unique opportunity to derive preference-based HRQoL.

Methods

Data from 2967 adolescents aged 11–17 years were analysed. An interviewer-led parent/carer questionnaire was administered for demographic variables and mental disorders of adolescents during previous 12 months using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children. A self-report survey was administered to derive HRQoL using the child health utility nine-dimensions instrument (CHU-9D). Weighted HRQoL was derived for several demographic groups, mental disorder diagnosis, and youth risk behaviours.

Results

The total population had a mean utility of 0.78 [standard deviation (SD): 0.20]. Males had a significantly higher mean utility (0.81, SD 0.18) than females (0.76, SD: 0.21) (Cohen’s d = 0.23, p < 0.001), and utility decreased with age for both males and females (p < 0.001). Family type and some parent/carer variables were associated with significant lower HRQoL scores with small effect size. Youth risk behaviours were associated with reduced HRQoL with moderate effect sizes. Adolescents who self-harmed, had suicidal ideation, or had a mental disorder had significantly lower utilities scores with moderate to large effect sizes compared to those who did not have such conditions.

Conclusions

This study has provided contemporary Australian population norms for HRQoL in adolescents that may be used as cross comparison between studies as well as indicators allowing estimation of population health (e.g. estimation of the burden of disease) and can be used to populate future economic models.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Australian adolescent population norms for the child health utility index 9D—results from the young minds matter survey
Auteurs
Long Khanh-Dao Le
Scott Richards-Jones
Mary Lou Chatterton
Lidia Engel
David Lawrence
Chris Stevenson
Genevieve Pepin
Julie Ratcliffe
Michael Sawyer
Cathrine Mihalopoulos
Publicatiedatum
17-05-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer International Publishing
Gepubliceerd in
Quality of Life Research / Uitgave 10/2021
Print ISSN: 0962-9343
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2649
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-021-02864-8

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