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11-06-2020 | Original Article | Uitgave 2/2021 Open Access

Child Psychiatry & Human Development 2/2021

Atypical Sensory Processing Profiles and Their Associations With Motor Problems In Preschoolers With Developmental Coordination Disorder

Tijdschrift:
Child Psychiatry & Human Development > Uitgave 2/2021
Auteurs:
Misaki Mikami, Tomoya Hirota, Michio Takahashi, Masaki Adachi, Manabu Saito, Shuhei Koeda, Kazutaka Yoshida, Yui Sakamoto, Sumi Kato, Kazuhiko Nakamura, Junko Yamada
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The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10578-020-01013-5) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Abstract

The aims of this study were to identify sensory processing profiles specific to preschoolers with DCD in a community sample and examine the association of sensory processing problems with motor coordination difficulties in these children. Sixty-three 5-year-old children with DCD and without other neurodevelopmental disorders and 106 age-matched typically developing children participated in this study. Sensory processing problems were assessed using the Sensory Profile. Our results demonstrated problems in wide sensory processing patterns (low registration, sensitivity and avoiding) and areas (auditory, vestibular, touch and oral) in children with DCD compared with typically developing children. Additionally, the association of problems in sensory processing patterns (sensitivity and avoiding) and areas (touch and auditory) with motor coordination difficulties were identified in children with DCD alone. Our findings indicate that sensory processing abnormalities may contribute to the pathophysiology of DCD, suggesting the importance of assessing sensory processing functions in children with DCD.

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