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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 12/2013

01-12-2013 | Original Paper

Atypical Gaze Following in Autism: A Comparison of Three Potential Mechanisms

Auteurs: K. Gillespie-Lynch, R. Elias, P. Escudero, T. Hutman, S. P. Johnson

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 12/2013

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Abstract

In order to evaluate the following potential mechanisms underlying atypical gaze following in autism, impaired reflexive gaze following, difficulty integrating gaze and affect, or reduced understanding of the referential significance of gaze, we administered three paradigms to young children with autism (N = 21) and chronological (N = 21) and nonverbal mental age (N = 21) matched controls. Children with autism exhibited impaired reflexive gaze following. The absence of evidence of integration of gaze and affect, regardless of diagnosis, indicates ineffective measurement of this construct. Reduced gaze following was apparent among children with autism during eye-tracking and in-person assessments. Word learning from gaze cues was better explained by developmental level than autism. Thus, gaze following may traverse an atypical, rather than just delayed, trajectory in autism.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Atypical Gaze Following in Autism: A Comparison of Three Potential Mechanisms
Auteurs
K. Gillespie-Lynch
R. Elias
P. Escudero
T. Hutman
S. P. Johnson
Publicatiedatum
01-12-2013
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 12/2013
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-013-1818-7

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