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08-12-2018 | Original Paper

Attentional Patterns to Emotional Faces Versus Scenes in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Auteurs: Farah Ghosn, Manuel Perea, Javier Castelló, Miguel Ángel Vázquez, Núria Yáñez, Inmaculada Marcos, Rosa Sahuquillo, Máximo Vento, Ana García-Blanco

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 4/2019

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Abstract

Previous research has shown attentional biases in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) when processing distressing information. This study examined these attentional patterns as a function of the type of stimulus (scenes and faces) and the stimulus valence (happy, sad, threatening, neutral) using a within-subject design. A dot-probe was applied to ASD (n = 24) and typically developing (TD) children (n = 24). Results showed no differences between the groups for happy and sad stimuli. Critically, ASD children showed an attentional bias toward threatening scenes but away from threatening faces. Thus, the type of stimuli modulated the direction of attentional biases to distressing information in ASD children. These results are discussed in the framework of current theories on cognitive and emotional processing in ASD.
Voetnoten
1
As in prior research (e.g., García-Blanco et al. <link rid="bib13">2017ª</link>, b; Marotta et al. 2013) the RTs of individuals in the ASD group were, on average, 300 ms higher than the individuals in the TD group—this difference has been typically explained in terms of hypo-vigilance to new stimuli (Sacrey et al. 2014; Zhao et al. 2016).
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Attentional Patterns to Emotional Faces Versus Scenes in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Auteurs
Farah Ghosn
Manuel Perea
Javier Castelló
Miguel Ángel Vázquez
Núria Yáñez
Inmaculada Marcos
Rosa Sahuquillo
Máximo Vento
Ana García-Blanco
Publicatiedatum
08-12-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 4/2019
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-018-3847-8

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