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Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 6/2011

01-08-2011

Attention Biases to Threat Link Behavioral Inhibition to Social Withdrawal over Time in Very Young Children

Auteurs: Koraly Pérez-Edgar, Bethany C. Reeb-Sutherland, Jennifer Martin McDermott, Lauren K. White, Heather A. Henderson, Kathryn A. Degnan, Amie A. Hane, Daniel S. Pine, Nathan A. Fox

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 6/2011

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Abstract

Behaviorally inhibited children display a temperamental profile characterized by social withdrawal and anxious behaviors. Previous research, focused largely on adolescents, suggests that attention biases to threat may sustain high levels of behavioral inhibition (BI) over time, helping link early temperament to social outcomes. However, no prior studies examine the association between attention bias and BI before adolescence. The current study examined the interrelations among BI, attention biases to threat, and social withdrawal already manifest in early childhood. Children (N = 187, 83 Male, M age  = 61.96 months) were characterized for BI in toddlerhood (24 & 36 months). At 5 years, they completed an attention bias task and concurrent social withdrawal was measured. As expected, BI in toddlerhood predicted high levels of social withdrawal in early childhood. However, this relation was moderated by attention bias. The BI-withdrawal association was only evident for children who displayed an attention bias toward threat. The data provide further support for models associating attention with socioemotional development and the later emergence of clinical anxiety.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Attention Biases to Threat Link Behavioral Inhibition to Social Withdrawal over Time in Very Young Children
Auteurs
Koraly Pérez-Edgar
Bethany C. Reeb-Sutherland
Jennifer Martin McDermott
Lauren K. White
Heather A. Henderson
Kathryn A. Degnan
Amie A. Hane
Daniel S. Pine
Nathan A. Fox
Publicatiedatum
01-08-2011
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 6/2011
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-011-9495-5