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26-06-2019 | Original Article

Asymmetrical effects of control on the expression of implicit sequence learning

Auteurs: Joaquín M. M. Vaquero, Juan Lupiáñez, Luis Jiménez

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 8/2020

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Abstract

As an automatic process, implicit learning effects have been characterized as inflexible and largely tied to the reinstatement of the acquisition context. However, implicit learning transfer has been observed under certain conditions, depending on the changes introduced between training and transfer. Here, we assess the hypothesis that transfer is specifically hindered by those changes that increase the control demands required by the orienting task with respect to those faced over training. Following on previous results by Jiménez et al. (J Exp Psychol Learn Memory Cognit 32(3):475–490, 2006), which showed that the learning acquired over a standard serial reaction time task was not transferred to conditions requiring a more demanding search task, we explored the impact of symmetrical training and transfer conditions, and showed that sequence learning survived such transfer. Four additional experiments designed to assess transfer to either lower or higher control demands confirmed that the expression of learning was selectively hindered by those transfer conditions requiring higher levels of control demands. The results illustrate how implicit sequence learning can be indirectly subjected to cognitive control.
Voetnoten
1
Notice that, in the referenced studies, the normalization procedure was conducted to control for between-participants differences in RT baselines, and thus, they normalized the scores on the basis of the individual means and standard deviations computed over the whole task. In the present conditions, because the source of different baselines was the task used in some blocks, the normalization was conducted in terms of the individual mean and standard deviation computed for each block.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Asymmetrical effects of control on the expression of implicit sequence learning
Auteurs
Joaquín M. M. Vaquero
Juan Lupiáñez
Luis Jiménez
Publicatiedatum
26-06-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research / Uitgave 8/2020
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-019-01222-1

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