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01-02-2010 | Original Paper | Uitgave 1/2010 Open Access

Journal of Child and Family Studies 1/2010

Associations of Psychosocial Factors with Maternal Confidence Among Japanese and Vietnamese Mothers

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Child and Family Studies > Uitgave 1/2010
Auteurs:
Aya Goto, Quang Vinh Nguyen, Thi Tu Van Nguyen, Nghiem Minh Pham, Thi Mong Thuy Chung, Huu Phuc Trinh, Junko Yabe, Hitomi Sasaki, Seiji Yasumura

Abstract

We conducted this cross-sectional study among 392 Japanese and 294 Vietnamese mothers who attended routine child health visits in a Japanese city and at a tertiary hospital in Vietnam, in order to investigate the prevalence and associated sociodemographic, parenting, and psychological characteristics of low maternal confidence in child rearing among them. All data were collected from medical files in Japan, and from medical files and self-administered questionnaires in Vietnam. The proportion of mothers without secure feeling of confidence in the present study was 22% in Japan and 66% in Vietnam. Significant factors associated with a lack of confidence were first-time motherhood and unintended pregnancy in the Japanese dataset and younger age in the Vietnamese dataset. In both groups, a higher proportion of mothers who lacked confidence reported negative parenting outcomes than did confident mothers. Among the three psychological measurements (mood, self-efficacy and depression), higher self-efficacy was associated independently with a significantly reduced risk of not having confidence in child rearing. These results suggest the importance of developing parenting support programs to help Japanese and Vietnamese mothers, particularly those who are young, first-time mothers or who became pregnant unexpectedly, improve their self-efficacy.

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