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21-09-2021 | Original Paper

Associations between Social Withdrawal and Peer Problems in Chinese and North American Youth: A Three-level Meta-analysis

Auteurs: Guangming Ran, Juncai Liu, Xiang Niu, Qi Zhang

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 11/2022

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Abstract

Social withdrawal has been recognized as an umbrella term referring to internal motivations to remove oneself from familiar and/or unfamiliar social situations. Previous research has discovered different subtypes of social withdrawal: shyness, unsociability, and social avoidance. An increasing number of empirical studies have investigated an association between social withdrawal and peer problems. However, the strength of these associations varied considerably between studies. The present work performed separate three‒level meta‒analyses for studies involving youth from China or North America. In total, 42 studies including 44,740 youth were obtained based on a comprehensive literature search. Analysis revealed significant positive associations between social withdrawal and peer problems in both Chinese and North American youth, suggesting that social withdrawal was a risk factor for developing peer problems. In addition, there was a significant moderating effect of gender on the association between social withdrawal and peer problems in Chinese youth. Finally, the moderating effects of mothers’ and fathers’ educational background were observed in North American youth. In sum, current evidence contributes to a better understanding of the association between social withdrawal and peer problems.
Voetnoten
1
Given that the present study performed separate meta‒analyses for studies from China (studies written in Chinese) versus North America (studies written in English), studies included in the present meta‒analyses were limited to those in Chinese and English.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Associations between Social Withdrawal and Peer Problems in Chinese and North American Youth: A Three-level Meta-analysis
Auteurs
Guangming Ran
Juncai Liu
Xiang Niu
Qi Zhang
Publicatiedatum
21-09-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 11/2022
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-021-02100-4

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