Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 9/2015

01-09-2015 | Original Paper

Associations Between Dispositional Mindfulness and Executive Function in Early Adolescence

Auteurs: Nathaniel R. Riggs, David S. Black, Anamara Ritt-Olson

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 9/2015

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Research on mindful awareness and executive function (EF) has increased in recent years, albeit mostly independently. Both having a unique role in the human capacity for higher-order cognitive processing, there is scientific and practical utility in examining the interrelationships between these cognitive constructs. The purpose of this study was to test associations between dispositional levels of mindfulness and EF in a diverse sample of 152 early adolescents (mean age = 12.9). Two analytic models were tested. The first tested the association between dispositional mindfulness and a latent factor consisting of three EF processes: inhibitory control, working memory, and cognitive flexibility. The second simultaneously tested associations between mindfulness and each EF to determine whether associations were specific to individual EF processes. Results demonstrated that mindfulness was significantly associated with higher scores on the latent EF factor. When associations between mindfulness and individual EF processes were tested, mindfulness was positively associated with inhibitory control and working memory, but not cognitive flexibility despite a significant bivariate correlation. Findings indicate that mindful awareness was positively associated with the executive function processes of working memory and inhibitory control in early adolescence.
Literatuur
go back to reference Anderson, V. A., Anderson, P., Northam, E., Jacobs, R., & Mikiewicz, O. (2002). Relationships between cognitive and behavioral measures of executive function in children with brain disease. Child Neuropsychology, 8, 231–240. PubMedCrossRef Anderson, V. A., Anderson, P., Northam, E., Jacobs, R., & Mikiewicz, O. (2002). Relationships between cognitive and behavioral measures of executive function in children with brain disease. Child Neuropsychology, 8, 231–240. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Baer, R. A., Smith, G. T., Hopkins, J., Krietemeyer, J., & Toney, L. (2006). Using self-report assessment methods to explore facets of mindfulness. Assessment, 13, 27–45. PubMedCrossRef Baer, R. A., Smith, G. T., Hopkins, J., Krietemeyer, J., & Toney, L. (2006). Using self-report assessment methods to explore facets of mindfulness. Assessment, 13, 27–45. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bishop, S. R., Lau, M., Shapiro, S., Carlson, L., Anderson, N. D., Carmody, J., et al. (2004). Mindfulness: A proposed operational definition. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11, 230–241. Bishop, S. R., Lau, M., Shapiro, S., Carlson, L., Anderson, N. D., Carmody, J., et al. (2004). Mindfulness: A proposed operational definition. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11, 230–241.
go back to reference Black, D. S. (2010). Incorporating mindfulness within established theories of health behavior. Complementary Health Practice Review, 15, 108–109. Black, D. S. (2010). Incorporating mindfulness within established theories of health behavior. Complementary Health Practice Review, 15, 108–109.
go back to reference Black, D. S. (2015). Mindfulness training for children and adolescents: A state-of-the-science review. In K. Brown, D. Creswell, & R. Ryan (Eds.), Handbook of mindfulness: Theory, research, and practice (pp. 283–310). New York: Guilford Press. Black, D. S. (2015). Mindfulness training for children and adolescents: A state-of-the-science review. In K. Brown, D. Creswell, & R. Ryan (Eds.), Handbook of mindfulness: Theory, research, and practice (pp. 283–310). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Black, D. S., Milam, J., & Sussman, S. (2009). Sitting-meditation interventions among youth: A review of treatment efficacy. Pediatrics, 124, 532–541. CrossRef Black, D. S., Milam, J., & Sussman, S. (2009). Sitting-meditation interventions among youth: A review of treatment efficacy. Pediatrics, 124, 532–541. CrossRef
go back to reference Black, D. S., Semple, R. J., Pokhrel, P., & Grenard, J. L. (2011). Component processes of executive function—mindfulness, self-control, and working memory—and their relationships with mental and behavioral health. Mindfulness, 2, 179–185. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef Black, D. S., Semple, R. J., Pokhrel, P., & Grenard, J. L. (2011). Component processes of executive function—mindfulness, self-control, and working memory—and their relationships with mental and behavioral health. Mindfulness, 2, 179–185. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Black, D. S., Sussman, S., Johnson, C. A., & Milam, J. (2012a). Psychometric assessment of the mindful attention awareness scale (MAAS) among Chinese adolescents. Assessment, 19, 42–52. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef Black, D. S., Sussman, S., Johnson, C. A., & Milam, J. (2012a). Psychometric assessment of the mindful attention awareness scale (MAAS) among Chinese adolescents. Assessment, 19, 42–52. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Black, D. S., Sussman, S., Johnson, C. A., & Milam, J. (2012b). Testing the indirect effect of trait mindfulness on adolescent cigarette smoking through negative affect and perceived stress mediators. Journal of Substance Use, 17, 417–429. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef Black, D. S., Sussman, S., Johnson, C. A., & Milam, J. (2012b). Testing the indirect effect of trait mindfulness on adolescent cigarette smoking through negative affect and perceived stress mediators. Journal of Substance Use, 17, 417–429. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Black, D. S., Sussman, S., Johnson, C. A., & Milam, J. (2012c). Trait mindfulness helps shield decision-making from translating into health risk behavior. Journal of Adolescent Health, 51, 588–592. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef Black, D. S., Sussman, S., Johnson, C. A., & Milam, J. (2012c). Trait mindfulness helps shield decision-making from translating into health risk behavior. Journal of Adolescent Health, 51, 588–592. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Blair, C., & Razza, R. P. (2007). Relating effortful control, executive function, and false belief understanding to emerging math and literacy ability in kindergarten. Child Development, 78, 647–663. PubMedCrossRef Blair, C., & Razza, R. P. (2007). Relating effortful control, executive function, and false belief understanding to emerging math and literacy ability in kindergarten. Child Development, 78, 647–663. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Borders, A., Earleywine, M., & Jajodia, A. (2010). Could mindfulness decrease anger, hostility, and aggression by decreasing rumination? Aggressive Behavior, 36, 28–44. PubMedCrossRef Borders, A., Earleywine, M., & Jajodia, A. (2010). Could mindfulness decrease anger, hostility, and aggression by decreasing rumination? Aggressive Behavior, 36, 28–44. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bowlin, S. L., & Baer, R. A. (2011). Relationships between mindfulness, self-control, and psychological functioning. Personality and Individual Differences, 52, 411–415. CrossRef Bowlin, S. L., & Baer, R. A. (2011). Relationships between mindfulness, self-control, and psychological functioning. Personality and Individual Differences, 52, 411–415. CrossRef
go back to reference Brown, K. W., & Ryan, R. M. (2003). The benefits of being present: mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 822–848. PubMedCrossRef Brown, K. W., & Ryan, R. M. (2003). The benefits of being present: mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 822–848. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Brown, K. W., & Ryan, R. M. (2004). Perils and promise in defining and measuring mindfulness: Observations from experience. Clinical Psychology Science and Practice, 11, 242–248. CrossRef Brown, K. W., & Ryan, R. M. (2004). Perils and promise in defining and measuring mindfulness: Observations from experience. Clinical Psychology Science and Practice, 11, 242–248. CrossRef
go back to reference Brown, K. W., Ryan, R. M., & Creswell, J. D. (2007). Mindfulness: Theoretical foundations and evidence for salutary effects. Psychological Inquiry, 18, 211–237. CrossRef Brown, K. W., Ryan, R. M., & Creswell, J. D. (2007). Mindfulness: Theoretical foundations and evidence for salutary effects. Psychological Inquiry, 18, 211–237. CrossRef
go back to reference Brown, K. W., West, A. M., Loverich, T. M., & Biegel, G. M. (2011). Assessing adolescent mindfulness: Validation of an adapted mindful attention awareness scale in adolescent and psychiatric populations. Psychological Assessment, 23, 1023–1033. PubMedCrossRef Brown, K. W., West, A. M., Loverich, T. M., & Biegel, G. M. (2011). Assessing adolescent mindfulness: Validation of an adapted mindful attention awareness scale in adolescent and psychiatric populations. Psychological Assessment, 23, 1023–1033. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Cash, M., & Whittingham, K. (2010). What facets of mindfulness contribute to psychological well-being and depressive, anxious, and stress-related symptomatology? Mindfulness, 1, 177–182. CrossRef Cash, M., & Whittingham, K. (2010). What facets of mindfulness contribute to psychological well-being and depressive, anxious, and stress-related symptomatology? Mindfulness, 1, 177–182. CrossRef
go back to reference Chatzisarantis, N. L. D., & Hagger, M. S. (2007). Mindfulness and the intention-behavior relationship within the theory of planned behavior. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33, 663–676. PubMedCrossRef Chatzisarantis, N. L. D., & Hagger, M. S. (2007). Mindfulness and the intention-behavior relationship within the theory of planned behavior. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33, 663–676. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Ciesla, J. A., Reilly, L. C., Dickson, K. S., Emanuel, A. S., & Updegraff, J. A. (2012). Disopositional mindfulness moderates the effects of stress among adolescent: Rumination as a mediator. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 41, 760–770. CrossRef Ciesla, J. A., Reilly, L. C., Dickson, K. S., Emanuel, A. S., & Updegraff, J. A. (2012). Disopositional mindfulness moderates the effects of stress among adolescent: Rumination as a mediator. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 41, 760–770. CrossRef
go back to reference Davidson, M. C., Amso, D., Anderson, L. C., & Diamond, A. (2006). Development of cognitive control and executive functions from 4 to 13 years: Evidence from manipulations of memory, inhibition, and task switching. Neuropsychologia, 44, 2037–2078. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef Davidson, M. C., Amso, D., Anderson, L. C., & Diamond, A. (2006). Development of cognitive control and executive functions from 4 to 13 years: Evidence from manipulations of memory, inhibition, and task switching. Neuropsychologia, 44, 2037–2078. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Dekeyser, M., Raes, F., Leijssen, M., Leysen, S., & Dewulf, D. (2008). Mindfulness skills and interpersonal behaviour. Personality and Individual Differences, 44, 1235–1245. CrossRef Dekeyser, M., Raes, F., Leijssen, M., Leysen, S., & Dewulf, D. (2008). Mindfulness skills and interpersonal behaviour. Personality and Individual Differences, 44, 1235–1245. CrossRef
go back to reference Gioia, G. A., & Isquith, P. K. (2004). Ecological assessment of executive function in traumatic brain injury. Developmental Neuropsychology, 25, 135–158. Gioia, G. A., & Isquith, P. K. (2004). Ecological assessment of executive function in traumatic brain injury. Developmental Neuropsychology, 25, 135–158.
go back to reference Glomb, T. M., Duffy, M. K., Bono, J. E., & Yang, T. (2011). Mindfulness at work. In J. Martocchio, H. Liao, & A. Joshi (Eds.), Research in personnel and human resources management (Vol. 30, pp. 115–157). Bingley, UK: Emerald Group Publishing Limited. CrossRef Glomb, T. M., Duffy, M. K., Bono, J. E., & Yang, T. (2011). Mindfulness at work. In J. Martocchio, H. Liao, & A. Joshi (Eds.), Research in personnel and human resources management (Vol. 30, pp. 115–157). Bingley, UK: Emerald Group Publishing Limited. CrossRef
go back to reference Gogtay, N., Giedd, J., & Rapoport, J. L. (2002). Brain development in healthy, hyperactive, and psychotic children. Archives of Neurology, 59, 1244–1248. PubMedCrossRef Gogtay, N., Giedd, J., & Rapoport, J. L. (2002). Brain development in healthy, hyperactive, and psychotic children. Archives of Neurology, 59, 1244–1248. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Guy, S. C., Isquith, P. K., & Gioia, G. A. (2004). Behavior rating inventory of executive function-self-report version. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources Inc. Guy, S. C., Isquith, P. K., & Gioia, G. A. (2004). Behavior rating inventory of executive function-self-report version. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources Inc.
go back to reference Joormann, J. (2006). Differential effects of rumination and dysphoria on the inhibition of irrelevant emotional material: Evidence of a negative priming task. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 30, 149–160. CrossRef Joormann, J. (2006). Differential effects of rumination and dysphoria on the inhibition of irrelevant emotional material: Evidence of a negative priming task. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 30, 149–160. CrossRef
go back to reference Kabat-Zinn, J. (1982). An outpatient program in behavioral medicine for chronic pain patients based on the practice of mindfulness meditation: Theoretical considerations and preliminary results. General Hospital Psychiatry, 4, 33–47. PubMedCrossRef Kabat-Zinn, J. (1982). An outpatient program in behavioral medicine for chronic pain patients based on the practice of mindfulness meditation: Theoretical considerations and preliminary results. General Hospital Psychiatry, 4, 33–47. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kabat-Zinn, J. (2003). Mindfulness-based interventions in context: Past, present, and future. Clinical Psychology: Science & Practice, 10, 144–156. Kabat-Zinn, J. (2003). Mindfulness-based interventions in context: Past, present, and future. Clinical Psychology: Science & Practice, 10, 144–156.
go back to reference Keng, S.-L., Smoski, M. J., & Robins, C. J. (2011). Effects of mindfulness on psychological health: A review of empirical studies. Clinical Psychology Review, 31, 1041–1056. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef Keng, S.-L., Smoski, M. J., & Robins, C. J. (2011). Effects of mindfulness on psychological health: A review of empirical studies. Clinical Psychology Review, 31, 1041–1056. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Ludwig, D. S., & Kabat-Zinn, J. (2008). Mindfulness in medicine. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 300, 1350–1352. PubMedCrossRef Ludwig, D. S., & Kabat-Zinn, J. (2008). Mindfulness in medicine. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 300, 1350–1352. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lyvers, M., Makin, C., Toms, E., Thorberg, F. A., & Samios, C. (2014). Trait mindfulness in relation to emotional self-regulation and executive function. Mindfulness, 5, 619–625. Lyvers, M., Makin, C., Toms, E., Thorberg, F. A., & Samios, C. (2014). Trait mindfulness in relation to emotional self-regulation and executive function. Mindfulness, 5, 619–625.
go back to reference McClelland, M. M., Cameron, C. E., Connor, C. M., Farris, C. L., Jewkes, A. M., & Morrison, F. J. (2007). Links between behavioral regulation and preschoolers’ literacy, vocabulary, and math skills. Developmental Psychology, 43, 947–959. PubMedCrossRef McClelland, M. M., Cameron, C. E., Connor, C. M., Farris, C. L., Jewkes, A. M., & Morrison, F. J. (2007). Links between behavioral regulation and preschoolers’ literacy, vocabulary, and math skills. Developmental Psychology, 43, 947–959. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Oberle, E., Schonert-Reichl, K. A., Lawlor, M. S., & Thomson, K. C. (2011). Mindfulness and inhibitory control in early adolescence. Journal of Early Adolescence, 32, 565–588. CrossRef Oberle, E., Schonert-Reichl, K. A., Lawlor, M. S., & Thomson, K. C. (2011). Mindfulness and inhibitory control in early adolescence. Journal of Early Adolescence, 32, 565–588. CrossRef
go back to reference Pennington, B. F., & Ozonoff, S. (1996). Executive function and developmental psychopathology. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 1, 51–87. CrossRef Pennington, B. F., & Ozonoff, S. (1996). Executive function and developmental psychopathology. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 1, 51–87. CrossRef
go back to reference Petter, M., Chambers, C. T., McGrath, P. J., & Dick, B. D. (2013). The role of trait mindfulness in the pain experience of adolescents. The Journal of Pain, 14, 1709–1718. PubMedCrossRef Petter, M., Chambers, C. T., McGrath, P. J., & Dick, B. D. (2013). The role of trait mindfulness in the pain experience of adolescents. The Journal of Pain, 14, 1709–1718. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Raes, F., & Williams, M. G. (2010). The relationship between mindfulness and uncontrollability of ruminative thinking. Mindfulness, 1, 199–203. CrossRef Raes, F., & Williams, M. G. (2010). The relationship between mindfulness and uncontrollability of ruminative thinking. Mindfulness, 1, 199–203. CrossRef
go back to reference Rasmussen, M. K., & Pidgeon, A. M. (2011). The direct and indirect benefits of dispositional mindfulness on self-esteem and social anxiety. Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal, 24, 227–233. CrossRef Rasmussen, M. K., & Pidgeon, A. M. (2011). The direct and indirect benefits of dispositional mindfulness on self-esteem and social anxiety. Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal, 24, 227–233. CrossRef
go back to reference Raver, C. C., Blair, C., & Willoughby, M. (2013). Poverty as a predictor of 4-year-olds’ executive function: A new perspectives on models of differential susceptibility. Developmental Psychology, 49, 292–304. PubMedCrossRef Raver, C. C., Blair, C., & Willoughby, M. (2013). Poverty as a predictor of 4-year-olds’ executive function: A new perspectives on models of differential susceptibility. Developmental Psychology, 49, 292–304. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Rosenberg, M., Noonan, S., DeGutis, J., & Esterman, M. (2013). Sustaining visual attention in the face of distraction: A novel gradual-onset continuous performance task. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 75, 426–439. CrossRef Rosenberg, M., Noonan, S., DeGutis, J., & Esterman, M. (2013). Sustaining visual attention in the face of distraction: A novel gradual-onset continuous performance task. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 75, 426–439. CrossRef
go back to reference Teasdale, J. D., Segal, Z. V., Williams, J. M., Ridgeway, V. A., Soulsby, J. M., & Lau, M. A. (2000). Prevention of relapse/recurrence in major depression by mindfulness-based cognitive therapy. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68, 615–623. PubMedCrossRef Teasdale, J. D., Segal, Z. V., Williams, J. M., Ridgeway, V. A., Soulsby, J. M., & Lau, M. A. (2000). Prevention of relapse/recurrence in major depression by mindfulness-based cognitive therapy. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68, 615–623. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Thompson, B. L., & Waltz, J. (2007). Everyday mindfulness and mindfulness meditation: Overlapping constructs or not? Personality and Individual Differences, 43, 1875–1885. CrossRef Thompson, B. L., & Waltz, J. (2007). Everyday mindfulness and mindfulness meditation: Overlapping constructs or not? Personality and Individual Differences, 43, 1875–1885. CrossRef
go back to reference Toplak, M. E., Bucciarelli, S. M., Jain, U., & Tannock, R. (2008). Executive functions: Performance-based measures and the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) in adolescents with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Child Neuropsychology, 15, 53–72. Toplak, M. E., Bucciarelli, S. M., Jain, U., & Tannock, R. (2008). Executive functions: Performance-based measures and the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) in adolescents with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Child Neuropsychology, 15, 53–72.
go back to reference Whitmer, A. J., & Banich, M. T. (2007). Inhibition versus switching deficits in different forms of rumination. Psychological Science, 18, 546–553. PubMedCrossRef Whitmer, A. J., & Banich, M. T. (2007). Inhibition versus switching deficits in different forms of rumination. Psychological Science, 18, 546–553. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Zelazo, P. D., Carlson, S. M., & Kesek, A. (2008). The development of executive function in childhood. In C. Nelson & M. Luciana (Eds.), Handbook of developmental cognitive neuroscience (2nd ed., pp. 553–574). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Zelazo, P. D., Carlson, S. M., & Kesek, A. (2008). The development of executive function in childhood. In C. Nelson & M. Luciana (Eds.), Handbook of developmental cognitive neuroscience (2nd ed., pp. 553–574). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
go back to reference Zelazo, P. D., & Lyons, K. E. (2012). The potential benefits of mindfulness training in early childhood: A developmental social cognitive neuroscience approach. Child Development Perspectives, 6, 154–160. CrossRef Zelazo, P. D., & Lyons, K. E. (2012). The potential benefits of mindfulness training in early childhood: A developmental social cognitive neuroscience approach. Child Development Perspectives, 6, 154–160. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Associations Between Dispositional Mindfulness and Executive Function in Early Adolescence
Auteurs
Nathaniel R. Riggs
David S. Black
Anamara Ritt-Olson
Publicatiedatum
01-09-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 9/2015
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-014-0077-3