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11-04-2019 | Original Article | Uitgave 7-8/2019 Open Access

Netherlands Heart Journal 7-8/2019

Association between cardiovascular disease and a history of cancer in patients with chest pain on the fast track outpatient clinic

Tijdschrift:
Netherlands Heart Journal > Uitgave 7-8/2019
Auteurs:
S. P. Sharma, M. J. Lenzen, T. W. Galema, O. C. Manintveld
Belangrijke opmerkingen

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s12471-019-1268-8) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Background

The purpose of this study is to investigate the prevalence of a history of malignancy in patients with chest pain who were referred for computed tomography angiography as well as the long-term survival and cardiovascular outcomes, including coronary artery disease (CAD) and coronary artery calcium (CAC) percentiles of cancer survivors. These data are relevant since it is unknown how cancer survivors, who underwent cardio-toxic therapies, should be monitored.

Methods

We analysed all patients with chest pain, who came to the outpatient clinic and underwent computed tomography angiography. The primary study endpoint was long-term survival. The secondary endpoints included CAD on computed tomography angiogram (CTA), CAC percentiles, suspected and confirmed malignancy on CTA, and other accidental findings on CTA.

Results

Of all 1,892 patients included in the analyses, 133 (7%) had a history of malignancy and 1,759 (93%) did not. Mortality rates were higher for the cancer survivors (6.5% vs 20.9% after ten years, p < 0.001). The multivariable Cox regression model also showed higher mortality for cancer survivors after ten years (adjusted hazard ratio 2.48 [95% confidence interval: 1.58–3.90]). CAD did not differ between both groups. CAC percentiles were higher in cancer survivors (p = 0.037). Cancer survivors had more suspected malignancies (3.8% vs 0.5%; p = 0.001) and also more confirmed malignancies on CTA (3.0% vs 0.1%; p < 0.001).

Conclusions

Cancer survivors have higher mortality rates, no difference in CAD on CTA, higher CAC percentiles and more often malignancy on CTA compared with patients without a cancer history.

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Netherlands Heart Journal

Het Netherlands Heart Journal wordt uitgegeven in samenwerking met de Nederlandse Vereniging voor Cardiologie en de Nederlandse Hartstichting. Het tijdschrift is Engelstalig en wordt gratis beschikbaa ...

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