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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 7/2014

01-07-2014 | Original Paper

Assessing the Utility of a Virtual Environment for Enhancing Facial Affect Recognition in Adolescents with Autism

Auteurs: Esubalew Bekele, Julie Crittendon, Zhi Zheng, Amy Swanson, Amy Weitlauf, Zachary Warren, Nilanjan Sarkar

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 7/2014

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Abstract

Teenagers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and age-matched controls participated in a dynamic facial affect recognition task within a virtual reality (VR) environment. Participants identified the emotion of a facial expression displayed at varied levels of intensity by a computer generated avatar. The system assessed performance (i.e., accuracy, confidence ratings, response latency, and stimulus discrimination) as well as how participants used their gaze to process facial information using an eye tracker. Participants in both groups were similarly accurate at basic facial affect recognition at varied levels of intensity. Despite similar performance characteristics, ASD participants endorsed lower confidence in their responses and substantial variation in gaze patterns in absence of perceptual discrimination deficits. These results add support to the hypothesis that deficits in emotion and face recognition for individuals with ASD are related to fundamental differences in information processing. We discuss implications of this finding in a VR environment with regards to potential future applications and paradigms targeting not just enhanced performance, but enhanced social information processing within intelligent systems capable of adaptation to individual processing differences.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Assessing the Utility of a Virtual Environment for Enhancing Facial Affect Recognition in Adolescents with Autism
Auteurs
Esubalew Bekele
Julie Crittendon
Zhi Zheng
Amy Swanson
Amy Weitlauf
Zachary Warren
Nilanjan Sarkar
Publicatiedatum
01-07-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 7/2014
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-014-2035-8