Assessing the relationship between weight stigma, stress, depression, and sleep in Chinese adolescents
Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research | Uitgave 1/2021Log in om toegang te krijgen
Weight stigma is defined as the social devaluation of people with overweight or obesity, and its negative effects on the health of adolescents from western countries are well documented, but little is known about the relationships with health behaviors and outcomes in Asian youth. The prevalence of obesity among Chinese adolescents continues to increase, potentially causing negative evaluations of youth with obesity, and potentially reduced quality of life. The health effects of these negative evaluations of Chinese youth with obesity have received little attention.
The purpose of this study was to examine relationships between weight stigma, stress, depression, and sleep in Chinese adolescents.
We utilized a cross-sectional study conducted in Wuhan, China. Sociodemographic, weight stigma, stress, depression, and sleep data were collected through a self-reported questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, t test, correlations, and mediation analyses were performed. A total of 1626 adolescents between 14 and 19 years of age were included in the analysis.
The data showed that adolescents with weight stigma presented significantly higher level of stress and depression, lower global sleep quality, longer sleep latency, and shorter sleep duration than those without weight stigma (p < 0.05). Stress and depression mediated the relationship between weight stigma and global sleep quality (SE = 0.007, 95% CI = 0.053 to 0.081).
These findings suggest that adolescents who experience weight stigma may have increased stress and depressive symptoms, which are associated with poorer global sleep quality and more daytime dysfunction.