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Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research 4/2013

01-05-2013

Assessing the effects of oral health-related variables on quality of life in Taiwanese adults

Auteurs: Tze-Fang Wang, Chyuan Chou, Yu Shu

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research | Uitgave 4/2013

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Abstract

Purpose

The impact of oral health status on Taiwanese adults’ quality of life has not been measured definitively. This study evaluated the effects of oral health-related variables on quality of life among adults in Taiwan.

Methods

A cross-sectional study design with secondary database analysis was adopted. Information about oral health-related variables in adults aged 18–64 years was collected from the National Health Interview Survey and quality-of-life data from the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36®). Univariate and multivariate regression analysis was used to determine risk factors for oral health and associations between oral health and eight domains of quality of life defined by the SF-36.

Results

Gender (P < 0.001), marital status (P < 0.001), monthly income (P < 0.001), disease history (P < 0.001), betel nut chewing (P < 0.001), oral hygiene (P < 0.001), oral health status (P < 0.001), and dental care utilization (P = 0.001) had significant effects on general health as an aspect of quality of life; gender (P < 0.001), marital status (divorced, P < 0.001), income level (20,000–80,000 NTD, P < 0.001), disease history (P < 0.001), oral hygiene, oral health-related food choice limitations (P < 0.001), and dental care utilization (P < 0.001) had significant effects on general mental health. Subjects who practiced dental self-care with tooth brushing had significantly higher social functioning scores than those who did not (P < 0.001). Significant differences were also found in scale items for physical functioning, role limitations due to physical health, bodily pain, vitality, and role limitations due to emotional problems (all P < 0.001).

Conclusions

Demographic (i.e., age, gender, and marital status and income levels) and oral health-related factors (i.e., oral hygiene, dental visits, disease history, and lifestyle factors such as cigarette smoking, alcohol use, and betel nut chewing) are all significantly associated with oral health-related quality of life in Taiwanese adults.

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Metagegevens
Titel
Assessing the effects of oral health-related variables on quality of life in Taiwanese adults
Auteurs
Tze-Fang Wang
Chyuan Chou
Yu Shu
Publicatiedatum
01-05-2013
Uitgeverij
Springer Netherlands
Gepubliceerd in
Quality of Life Research / Uitgave 4/2013
Print ISSN: 0962-9343
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2649
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-012-0205-8