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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 2/2007

01-02-2007 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Assessing the Early Characteristics of Autistic Disorder using Video Analysis

Auteurs: Sally Clifford, Robyn Young, Paul Williamson

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 2/2007

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Abstract

The behaviours of infants were observed using home videos, in an attempt to identify social difficulties characteristic of infants with autistic disorder. Three groups of infants were analysed: 15 infants who had later been diagnosed with autism, 15 infants who had a developmental or language delay, and 15 typically developing infants. Social behaviours were coded using both quantitative and qualitative measures. The principal discriminating items between the groups were found to be ‘peer interest’, ‘gaze aversion’, ‘anticipatory postures’, and ‘proto-declarative showing’. The results suggest that these children later diagnosed with autism are clinically distinct from their peers before the age of two years, and that there are clearly observable behaviours which are important predictors of autistic disorder in pre-verbal children.
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1
Low frequency behaviours were scored as either occurring (i.e., the behaviour was observed at least once in either of the two segments) or not occurring. If a behaviour was observed on only one occasion (i.e., once and only in one of the two video segments) and was rated as a “partial” occurrence, a conservative stance was taken and the behaviour was coded as not occurring.
 
2
Again, effect sizes are presented in terms of the squared correlation coefficient, r 2 (in this case, the phi coefficient) to allow comparison with the results in Table 2.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Assessing the Early Characteristics of Autistic Disorder using Video Analysis
Auteurs
Sally Clifford
Robyn Young
Paul Williamson
Publicatiedatum
01-02-2007
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 2/2007
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-006-0160-8