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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 7/2010

01-07-2010 | Original paper

Assessing Recollection and Familiarity in Autistic Spectrum Disorders: Methods and Findings

Auteurs: Sally Bigham, Jill Boucher, Andrew Mayes, Sophie Anns

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 7/2010

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Abstract

We hypothesise that of the two processes underlying declarative memory, recollection is impaired in high-functioning autism (HFA) whereas recollection and familiarity are impaired in low-functioning autism (LFA). Testing these hypotheses necessitates assessing recollection and familiarity separately. However, this is difficult, because both processes contribute to performance on standard memory tests. Moreover, tests must be suitable for use with young or intellectually disabled participants. This study aimed to develop tests of recollection and familiarity separately, and to make preliminary tests of our hypotheses. We developed a temporal source memory task to assess recollection in LFA, and a shape recognition task to assess familiarity and an action recall task assessing recollection in HFA. The methods and implications of the results are discussed.

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Voetnoten
1
‘High functioning autism’ (HFA) is used here to refer to individuals with the triad of diagnostic impairments, but no intellectual disability or language impairment. It therefore includes individuals who may be diagnosed with Asperger syndrome.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Assessing Recollection and Familiarity in Autistic Spectrum Disorders: Methods and Findings
Auteurs
Sally Bigham
Jill Boucher
Andrew Mayes
Sophie Anns
Publicatiedatum
01-07-2010
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 7/2010
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-010-0937-7