Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The People in My Life questionnaire (PIML) is one of the few available self-report measures for assessing children’s representations of the relationship with attachment figures (parents and peers) in middle childhood. The current study presents validation studies of the PIML in a sample of Portuguese children aged between 8 and 12 years (N = 314) and adolescents aged between 13 and 18 years (N = 281). The original factor structure, composed of a second-order factor of attachment and three first-order factors (Trust, Communication, and Alienation), was confirmed for both scales (Parents Attachment and Peers Attachment) in the sample of children and replicated in the sample of adolescents using confirmatory factor analyses. The Portuguese version of the PIML showed adequate internal consistency and correlated as expected with measures of intrapersonal and interpersonal functioning (internalizing and externalizing problems, prosocial behavior, quality of life, self-compassion, and emotion regulation strategies). The PIML proved to be a psychometrically robust measure of children’s representations of their relationships with parents and peers, representing an important advance in the measurement of attachment in middle childhood.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Ainsworth, M., Blehar, M., Waters, E., & Wall, S. (1978). Patterns of attachment. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Bowlby, J. (1969/1982.). Attachment. Vol. 1: Attachment and loss. London: The Hogarth press.
Bretherton, I., & Munholland, K. A. (1999). Internal working models in attachment relationships: A construct revisited. In J. Cassidy, & P. R. Shaver (Eds.), Handbook of attachment: Theory, research, and clinical applications (pp. 89–111). New York, NY: The Guilford press.
Brown, T. A. (2006). Confirmatory factor analysis for applied research. New York, NY: The Guilford press.
Browne, M. W., & Cudeck, R. (1993). Alternative ways of assessing model fit. In K. A. Bollen, & J. S. Long (Eds.), Testing structural equation models (pp. 136–162). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Byrne, B. (2010). Structural equation modeling with AMOS: Basic concepts, applications, and programming. 2nd edn. New York, NY: Taylor & Francis.
Camargo, S. L., Mejía, G. L., Herrera, A. N., & Carrillo, S. (2007). Adaptación del cuestionario “Personas en Mi Vida” en niños y niñas bogotanos entre 9 y 12 años de edad. [Adaptation of the people in my life questionnaire in a sample of Colombian middle-age children]. Acta Colombiana de Psicología, 10(2), 83–93.
Cook, E. T., Greenberg, M. T., & Kusche, C. A. (1995). People in my life: Attachment relationships in middle childhood. Paper presented at the Society for Research in Child Development, Indianapolis, IN.
Crittenden, P. M. (1992). Preschool assessment of attachment manual. Miami, FL: Family Relations Institute.
Fleitlich, B., Loureiro, M., Fonseca, A., & Gaspar, M. (2005). Questionário de Capacidades e de Dificuldades (SDQ-Por). http://www.sdqinfo.org.
Goodman, A., Lamping, D. L., & Ploubidis, G. B. (2010). When to use broader internalising and externalising subscales instead of the hypothesised five subscales on the strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ): Data from British parents, teachers and children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 38(8), 1179–1191. doi: 10.1007/s10802-010-9434-x. CrossRefPubMed
Gouveia, M., Frontini, R., Canavarro, M., & Moreira, H. (2014). Quality of life and psychological functioning in pediatric obesity: The role of body image dissatisfaction between girls and boys of different ages. Quality of Life Research, 23(9), 2629–2638. doi: 10.1007/s11136-014-0711-y. CrossRefPubMed
Guarnieri, S., Ponti, L., & Tani, F. (2010). The inventory of parent and peer attachment (IPPA): A study on the validity of styles of adolescent attachment to parents and peers in an Italian sample. Testing, Psychometrics, Methodology in Applied Psychology, 17(3), 103–130.
Kaplan, N., & Main, M. (1986). A system for the analysis of children’s family drawings in terms of attachment. Berkeley, CA: Department of Psychology, University of California.
Kline, R. (2011). Principals and practice of structural equation modelling. 3rd edn. New York, NY: The Guildford press.
Matos, M. G., Gaspar, T., & Simões, C. (2012). Health-related quality of life in Portuguese children and adolescents. Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica, 25(2), 230–237. doi: 10.1590/S0102-79722012000200004.
Mikulincer, M., & Shaver, P. R. (2007). Attachment in adulthood: Structure, dynamics, and change. New York, NY: The Guilford press.
Neff, K. D. (2009). Self-compassion. In M. R. Leary, & R. H. Hoyle (Eds.), Handbook of individual differences in social behavior (pp. 561–573). New York, NY: The Guilford press.
Ravens-Sieberer, U., Erhart, M., Rajmil, L., Herdman, M., Auquier, P., Bruil, J., et al. (2010). Reliability, construct and criterion validity of the KIDSCREEN-10 score: A short measure for children and adolescents’ well-being and health-related quality of life. Quality of Life Research, 19(10), 1487–1500. doi: 10.1007/s11136-010-9706-5. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Waters, E. (1995). The attachment Q-set (version 3.0). Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 60, 234–246. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-5834.1995.tb00214.x.
- Assessing Attachment to Parents and Peers in Middle Childhood: Psychometric Studies of the Portuguese Version of the People in My Life Questionnaire
Maria Cristina Canavarro
- Springer US