Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 4/2020

19-09-2019 | Original Paper

Assessing and Treating Trauma in Detained Adolescents: A Pre–Post Within Subjects Evaluation

Auteur: Nancy G. Calleja

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 4/2020

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Objectives

This investigation evaluated trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (T-F CBT) with detained male adolescents with serious offending behaviors.

Methods

One hundred and seventeen youth with trauma symptoms participated in an average of twelve T-F CBT individual sessions. Trauma symptoms were assessed prior to and following treatment using the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children (TSCC) and a paired sample t-test was used to analyze changes from pre- to posttest.

Results

Trauma symptoms in five of the six scales (i.e., anger, depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress, dissociation) were significantly reduced following treatment.

Conclusions

T-F CBT may be effective in reducing general trauma symptoms among detained adolescents; assessing and treating trauma symptoms are recommended as standard protocol in the juvenile justice system; and T-F CBT may be effective without caregiver participation.
Literatuur
go back to reference Abram, K. M., et al. (2013). PTSD, trauma, and comorbid psychiatric disorders in detained youth. Juvenile Justice Bulletin. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Programs. Abram, K. M., et al. (2013). PTSD, trauma, and comorbid psychiatric disorders in detained youth. Juvenile Justice Bulletin. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Programs.
go back to reference Achenbach, T. M. (1991). Manual for the child behavior checklist 4–18 and 1991 profile. Achenbach, T. M. (1991). Manual for the child behavior checklist 4–18 and 1991 profile.
go back to reference Burliington, V. T.: Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont. Burliington, V. T.: Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont.
go back to reference Brady, K. T., Killeen, T. K., & Lucerini, S. (2000). Comorbidity of psychiatric disorders and posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 61, 22–32. CrossRef Brady, K. T., Killeen, T. K., & Lucerini, S. (2000). Comorbidity of psychiatric disorders and posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 61, 22–32. CrossRef
go back to reference Briere, J. (1996). The Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources. Briere, J. (1996). The Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.
go back to reference Cohen, J. A., Mannarino, A. P., & Deblinger, E. (2006). Treating trauma and traumatic grief in children and adolescents. New York, NY: Guilford Press. Cohen, J. A., Mannarino, A. P., & Deblinger, E. (2006). Treating trauma and traumatic grief in children and adolescents. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Cohen, J. A., Mannarino, A. P., & Knudsen, K. (2005). Treating sexually abused children: 1 year follow up of a randomized controlled trial. Child Abuse & Neglect, 29, 135–145. 10.1016/j.chiabu.2004.2004.12.005. CrossRef Cohen, J. A., Mannarino, A. P., & Knudsen, K. (2005). Treating sexually abused children: 1 year follow up of a randomized controlled trial. Child Abuse & Neglect, 29, 135–145. 10.1016/j.chiabu.2004.2004.12.005. CrossRef
go back to reference Deblinger, E., Mannarino, A. P., Cohen, J. A., Runyon, M. K., & Steer, R. A. (2011). Trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy for children: impact of the trauma narrative and treatment length. Depression and Anxiety, 28, 67–75. 10.1002./da.20744. CrossRef Deblinger, E., Mannarino, A. P., Cohen, J. A., Runyon, M. K., & Steer, R. A. (2011). Trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy for children: impact of the trauma narrative and treatment length. Depression and Anxiety, 28, 67–75. 10.1002./da.20744. CrossRef
go back to reference Deblinger, E., Pollio, E., & Dorsey, S. (2016). Applying trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy in a group format. Child Maltreatment, 21, 59–73. CrossRef Deblinger, E., Pollio, E., & Dorsey, S. (2016). Applying trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy in a group format. Child Maltreatment, 21, 59–73. CrossRef
go back to reference Dorsey, S., Conover, K., & Cox, J. R. (2014). Improving foster parent engagement: using qualitative methods to guide tailoring of evidence-based engagement strategies. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 43, 246–261. CrossRef Dorsey, S., Conover, K., & Cox, J. R. (2014). Improving foster parent engagement: using qualitative methods to guide tailoring of evidence-based engagement strategies. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 43, 246–261. CrossRef
go back to reference Dorsey, S., Lucid, L., Murray, L. K., Bolton, P., O’Donnell, K., Itemba, D., & Whetten, K. (2015). A qualitative study of mental health problems among orphaned children and adolescents in Tanzania. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 203, 864–870. CrossRef Dorsey, S., Lucid, L., Murray, L. K., Bolton, P., O’Donnell, K., Itemba, D., & Whetten, K. (2015). A qualitative study of mental health problems among orphaned children and adolescents in Tanzania. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 203, 864–870. CrossRef
go back to reference Dorsey, S., Pullman, M., Berliner, L., Koschmann, McKay, M., & Deblinger, E. (2014). Engaging foster parents in treatment: a randomized trial of supplementing T-F CBT with evidence-based engagement strategies. Child Abuse and Neglect, 38, 1508–1520. CrossRef Dorsey, S., Pullman, M., Berliner, L., Koschmann, McKay, M., & Deblinger, E. (2014). Engaging foster parents in treatment: a randomized trial of supplementing T-F CBT with evidence-based engagement strategies. Child Abuse and Neglect, 38, 1508–1520. CrossRef
go back to reference Ford, J. D., Hartman, K., Hawke, J., & Chapman, J. F. (2008). Traumatic victimization, posttraumatic stress disorder, suicidal ideation, and substance abuse risk among juvenile justice-involved youth. Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma, 1, 75–92. CrossRef Ford, J. D., Hartman, K., Hawke, J., & Chapman, J. F. (2008). Traumatic victimization, posttraumatic stress disorder, suicidal ideation, and substance abuse risk among juvenile justice-involved youth. Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma, 1, 75–92. CrossRef
go back to reference Habib, M., & Labruna, V. (2006). The Adolescent Trauma History Checklist and Interview. North Shore University Hospital. Habib, M., & Labruna, V. (2006). The Adolescent Trauma History Checklist and Interview. North Shore University Hospital.
go back to reference Herz, D., Lee, P., Lutz, L., Stewart, M., Tuill, j, & Wiig, J. (2012). Addressing the needs of multi-system youth: strengthening the connection between child welfare and juvenile justice. Washington, DC: Center for Juvenile Justice Reform. Herz, D., Lee, P., Lutz, L., Stewart, M., Tuill, j, & Wiig, J. (2012). Addressing the needs of multi-system youth: strengthening the connection between child welfare and juvenile justice. Washington, DC: Center for Juvenile Justice Reform.
go back to reference Ippen, C. G., Ford, J., Racusen, R., Acker, M., Bosquet, M., Rogers, K., ... Edwards, J. (2002). Traumatic Events Screening Inventory - Parent report revised. Alexandria, VA: Veterans Administration. Ippen, C. G., Ford, J., Racusen, R., Acker, M., Bosquet, M., Rogers, K., ... Edwards, J. (2002). Traumatic Events Screening Inventory - Parent report revised. Alexandria, VA: Veterans Administration.
go back to reference King, N. J., Tonge, B. J., Mullen, P., Myerson, N., Heyne, D., Rollings, S., & Ollendick, T. H. (2000). Treating sexually abused children with posttraumatic stress symptoms: a randomized clinical trial. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 39, 1347–1355. CrossRef King, N. J., Tonge, B. J., Mullen, P., Myerson, N., Heyne, D., Rollings, S., & Ollendick, T. H. (2000). Treating sexually abused children with posttraumatic stress symptoms: a randomized clinical trial. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 39, 1347–1355. CrossRef
go back to reference Kisiel, C., Lyons, J. S., Blaustein, M., Fehrenbach, T., Griffin, G., Jermaine, J., ... National Child Traumatic Stress Network (2010). Child and adolescent needs and strengths (CANS) manual: The NCTSN CANS Comprehensive - Trauma version: A comprehensive trauma integration tool for children and adolescents exposed to traumatic events. Chicago: Praed Foundation/Los Angeles, CA & Durham, NC: National Child Traumatic Stress Network. Kisiel, C., Lyons, J. S., Blaustein, M., Fehrenbach, T., Griffin, G., Jermaine, J., ... National Child Traumatic Stress Network (2010). Child and adolescent needs and strengths (CANS) manual: The NCTSN CANS Comprehensive - Trauma version: A comprehensive trauma integration tool for children and adolescents exposed to traumatic events. Chicago: Praed Foundation/Los Angeles, CA & Durham, NC: National Child Traumatic Stress Network.
go back to reference Lanktree, C. B., Gilbert, aM., Briere, J., Taylor, N., Chen, K., Maida, C. A., & Saltzman, W. R. (2008). Multi-informant assessment of maltreated children: convergent and discriminant validity of the TSCC and TSCYC. Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal, 32, 621–625. CrossRef Lanktree, C. B., Gilbert, aM., Briere, J., Taylor, N., Chen, K., Maida, C. A., & Saltzman, W. R. (2008). Multi-informant assessment of maltreated children: convergent and discriminant validity of the TSCC and TSCYC. Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal, 32, 621–625. CrossRef
go back to reference Leone, P., & Weinberg, L. (2010). Addressing the unmet educational needs of children and youth in the juvenile justice and child welfare systems. Washington, DC: Center for Juvenile Justice Reform, Georgetown Public Policy Institute. Leone, P., & Weinberg, L. (2010). Addressing the unmet educational needs of children and youth in the juvenile justice and child welfare systems. Washington, DC: Center for Juvenile Justice Reform, Georgetown Public Policy Institute.
go back to reference Mallett, Christopher A. (2013). Factors related to recidivism for youthful offenders. Social Work Faculty Publications. Paper 30. Mallett, Christopher A. (2013). Factors related to recidivism for youthful offenders. Social Work Faculty Publications. Paper 30.
go back to reference Milne, L., & Collin-Vezina, D. (2015). Assessment of children and youth in child protective services out of home care: an overview of trauma measures. Psychology of Violence, 5, 122–132. CrossRef Milne, L., & Collin-Vezina, D. (2015). Assessment of children and youth in child protective services out of home care: an overview of trauma measures. Psychology of Violence, 5, 122–132. CrossRef
go back to reference Nader, K. (2008). Understanding and assessing trauma in children and adolescents: measures, methods, and youth in context. New York, NY: Routledge: Taylor, Francis Group. Nader, K. (2008). Understanding and assessing trauma in children and adolescents: measures, methods, and youth in context. New York, NY: Routledge: Taylor, Francis Group.
go back to reference Nixon, R. D. V., Sterk, J., Pearce, A., & Weber, N. (2016). A randomized trial of Cognitive Behavior Therapy and Cognitive Therapy for children with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder following single-incident trauma: predictors and outcome at 1-year follow up. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 9, 471–478. CrossRef Nixon, R. D. V., Sterk, J., Pearce, A., & Weber, N. (2016). A randomized trial of Cognitive Behavior Therapy and Cognitive Therapy for children with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder following single-incident trauma: predictors and outcome at 1-year follow up. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 9, 471–478. CrossRef
go back to reference Ruiz, E. (2016). Trauma symptoms in a diverse population of sexually abused children. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 8, 680–686. 10.103.1037. CrossRef Ruiz, E. (2016). Trauma symptoms in a diverse population of sexually abused children. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 8, 680–686. 10.103.1037. CrossRef
go back to reference Seigle, E., Walsh, N., & Weber, J. (2014). Core principles for reducing recidivism and improving other outcomes for youth in the juvenile justice system. New York: Council of State Governments Justice Center. Seigle, E., Walsh, N., & Weber, J. (2014). Core principles for reducing recidivism and improving other outcomes for youth in the juvenile justice system. New York: Council of State Governments Justice Center.
go back to reference Spinhoven, P., Penninx, B. W., van Hemert, A. M., de Rooji, M., & Elzinja, B. M. (2014). Comorbidity of PTSD in anxiety and depressive disorders: prevalence and shared risk factors. Child Abuse and Neglect, 38(8), 1320–1330. CrossRef Spinhoven, P., Penninx, B. W., van Hemert, A. M., de Rooji, M., & Elzinja, B. M. (2014). Comorbidity of PTSD in anxiety and depressive disorders: prevalence and shared risk factors. Child Abuse and Neglect, 38(8), 1320–1330. CrossRef
go back to reference Sprague, C. (2008). Judges and child trauma: findings from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network/National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges Focus Groups. NCTSN Service Systems Brief, 2(2). Los Angeles, CA: National Center for Child Traumatic Stress. Sprague, C. (2008). Judges and child trauma: findings from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network/National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges Focus Groups. NCTSN Service Systems Brief, 2(2). Los Angeles, CA: National Center for Child Traumatic Stress.
go back to reference Stimmel, M. A., Cruise, K. R., Ford, J. D., & Weiss, R. A. (2013). Trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress disorder symptomatology, and aggression in male juvenile offenders. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 6, 184–191. CrossRef Stimmel, M. A., Cruise, K. R., Ford, J. D., & Weiss, R. A. (2013). Trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress disorder symptomatology, and aggression in male juvenile offenders. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 6, 184–191. CrossRef
go back to reference Thomlinson, R., Muncer, S., & Dent, H. (2017). Comorbidity between PTSD and anxiety and depression: implications for IAPT services. Archives of Depression and Anxiety, 3(1), 14–17. Thomlinson, R., Muncer, S., & Dent, H. (2017). Comorbidity between PTSD and anxiety and depression: implications for IAPT services. Archives of Depression and Anxiety, 3(1), 14–17.
go back to reference Webb, C., Hayes, A. M., Grasso, D., Laurenceau, J.-P., & Deblinger, E. (2014). Trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy for youth: effectiveness in a community setting. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 6(5), 555–562. CrossRef Webb, C., Hayes, A. M., Grasso, D., Laurenceau, J.-P., & Deblinger, E. (2014). Trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy for youth: effectiveness in a community setting. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 6(5), 555–562. CrossRef
go back to reference Willison, J. B., Walters, J. H., Cramer, L., Fontaine, J., Horvath, A., Owens, C., Rossman, S., Walsh, K., Barrick, K., Kennedy, E., & Markovits, L. (2013). FY 2011 second chance act adult offenders reentry demonstration projects evaluability assessment executive summary. Washington, DC: National Criminal Justice Resources. Willison, J. B., Walters, J. H., Cramer, L., Fontaine, J., Horvath, A., Owens, C., Rossman, S., Walsh, K., Barrick, K., Kennedy, E., & Markovits, L. (2013). FY 2011 second chance act adult offenders reentry demonstration projects evaluability assessment executive summary. Washington, DC: National Criminal Justice Resources.
go back to reference Yasinski, C., Hayes, A. M., Ready, C. B., Cumming, J. A., Berman, I. S., McCauley, T., Webb, C., & Deblinger, E. (2016). In-session caregiver behavior predicts symptom change in youth receiving Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF CBT). Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 84(12), 1066–1077. CrossRef Yasinski, C., Hayes, A. M., Ready, C. B., Cumming, J. A., Berman, I. S., McCauley, T., Webb, C., & Deblinger, E. (2016). In-session caregiver behavior predicts symptom change in youth receiving Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF CBT). Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 84(12), 1066–1077. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Assessing and Treating Trauma in Detained Adolescents: A Pre–Post Within Subjects Evaluation
Auteur
Nancy G. Calleja
Publicatiedatum
19-09-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 4/2020
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-019-01564-9