Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Although prior research finds a robust link between delinquent behavior and expectations, or an adolescent’s perceived likelihood of obtaining one’s future goals, fewer studies have evaluated aspirations, or the perceived importance of achieving one’s goals. In addition, few studies consider how individual traits such as impulsivity affect the degree to which expectations and aspirations motivate or deter delinquent behavior. We contribute to this body of research by evaluating the independent effects of expectations and aspirations, and the aspiration-expectation gap (i.e., strain) on delinquent behavior during the year following an adolescent’s first arrest using a large (N = 1117), racially/ethnically diverse sample of male adolescents (46.55% Latino, 35.81% Black, 14.95% White, and 2.69% Other race). In addition, we considered how impulse control interacts with expectations, aspirations, and strain to motivate behavior. Our results indicated that both aspirations, expectations and strain uniquely influence criminal behavior. Importantly, aspirations interacted with impulse control, such that aspirations affected delinquency only among youth with higher impulse control. Our findings suggest that aspirations may only influence behavior if youth also have the psychosocial capabilities to consider their future aspirations when behaving in the present.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Agnew, R. (1985). A revised strain theory of delinquency. Social Forces, 64(1), 151–167. CrossRef
Agnew, R. (1992). Foundation for a general strain theory of crime and delinquency. Criminology, 30(1), 47–88. CrossRef
Agnew, R., Matthews, S. K., Bucher, J., Welcher, A. N., & Keyes, C. (2008). Socioeconomic status, economic problems, and delinquency. Youth & Society, 40(2), 159–181. CrossRef
Arbona, C. (2000). The development of academic achievement in school aged children: precursors to career development. Handbook of Counseling Psychology ( 3rd Ed.).
Baird, C. L., Burge, S. W., & Reynolds, J. R. (2008). Absurdly ambitious? Teenagers’ expectations for the future and the realities of social structure. Sociology Compass, 2(3), 944–962. CrossRef
Canivez, G. L., Konold, T. R., Collins, J. M., & Wilson, G. (2009). Construct validity of the Wechsler abbreviated scale of Intelligence and wide range intelligence test: convergent and structural validity. School Psychology Quarterly, 24(4), 252–265. CrossRef
Cauffman, E., Steinberg, L., & Piquero, A. R. (2005). Psychological, neuropsychological and physiological correlates of serious antisocial behavior in adolescence: the role of self‐control. Criminology, 43(1), 133–176. CrossRef
Cloward, R. A., & Ohlin, L. E. (1960). Delinquency and opportunity: A study of delinquent gangs. New York, NY: Free Press.
Cohen, A. K. (1965). The sociology of the deviant act: anomie theory and beyond. American Sociological Revie w, 30, 5–14.
Elliott, D. S., & Ageton, S. S. (1980). Reconciling race and class differences in self-reported and official estimates of delinquency. American Sociological Review, 45(1), 95–110. CrossRef
Gottfredson, M. R., & Hirschi, T. (1990). A general theory of crime. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Hanson, S. L. (1994). Lost talent: unrealized educational aspirations and expectations among US youths. Sociology of Education, 67(3), 159–183.
Hindelang, M. J., Hirschi, T., & Weis, J. G. (1981). Measuring Delinquency. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.
Huizinga, D., Esbensen, F. A., & Weiher, A. W. (1991). Are there multiple paths to delinquency?. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 82(1), 83–118.
Huizinga, D., Schumann, K., Ehret, B., & Elliott, A. (2003). The effect of juvenile justice system processing on subsequent delinquent and criminal behavior: a cross-national study (pp. 1–145). Washington, DC: Final Report to the National Institute of Justice.
Iselin, A. M. R., Mulvey, E. P., Loughran, T. A., Chung, H. L., & Schubert, C. A. (2012). A longitudinal examination of serious adolescent offenders’ perceptions of chances for success and engagement in behaviors accomplishing goals. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40(2), 237–249. doi: 10.1007/s10802-011-9561-z. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Jackman, D. M., & MacPhee, D. (2015). Self-esteem and future orientation predict adolescents’ risk engagement. The Journal of Early Adolescence, 37(3), 339–366.
Kirk, C. M., Lewis, R. K., Scott, A., Wren, D., Nilsen, C., & Colvin, D. Q. (2012). Exploring the educational aspirations–expectations gap in eighth grade students: implications for educational interventions and school reform. Educational Studies, 38(5), 507–519. CrossRef
Knight, K. E., Ellis, C., Roark, J., Henry, K. L., & Huizinga, D. (2016). Testing the role of aspirations, future expectations, and strain on the development of problem behaviors across young and middle adulthood. Deviant Behavior, doi: 10.1080/01639625.2016.1206716.
Liberman, A. M., Kirk, D. S., & Kim, K. (2014). Labeling effects of first juvenile arrests: secondary deviance and secondary sanctioning. Criminology, 52(3), 345–370. CrossRef
Loeber, R., Menting, B., Lynam, D. R., Moffitt, T., StouthamerLoeber, M., Stallings, R., & Pardini, D. (2012). Findings from the Pittsburgh Youth Study: cognitive impulsivity and intelligence as predictors of the age-crime curve. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 51(11), 1136–1149. doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2012.08.019. CrossRefPubMed
Long, J. S. (1997). Regression models for categorical and limited dependent variables. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Long, J. S., & Freese, J. (2003). Regression models for categorical dependent variables using Stata. College Station, TX: Stata Corporation.
Lynch, J., & Kaplan, G. (2000). Socioeconomic position. New York: Oxford University Press 13–35. Social Epidemiology.
Menard, S. and Elliott, D. S. (1996). Prediction of adult success using stepwise logistic regression analysis. A report prepared for the MacArthur Foundation by the MacArthur Chicago-Denver Neighborhood Project.
Merton, R. K. (1938). Social structure and anomie. American Sociological Review, 3(5), 672–682. CrossRef
Moffitt, T. E., Arseneault, L., Belsky, D., Dickson, N., Hancox, R. J., & Harrington, H., et al. (2011). A gradient of childhood self-control predicts health, wealth, and public safety. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108(7), 2693–2698. CrossRef
Nagin, D. S., & Pogarsky, G. (2004). Time and punishment: delayed consequences and criminal behavior. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 20(4), 295–317. CrossRef
Osgood, D. W., McMorris, B. J., & Potenza, M. T. (2002). Analyzing multiple-item measures of crime and deviance I: item response theory scaling. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 18(3), 267–296. CrossRef
Piquero, A. R., Jennings, W. G., Farrington, D. P., Diamond, B., & Gonzalez, J. M. R. (2016). A meta-analysis update on the effectiveness of early self-control improvement programs to improve self-control and reduce delinquency. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 12(2), 249–264. CrossRef
Reynolds, J. R., & Pemberton, J. (2001). Rising college expectations among youth in the United States: a comparison of the 1979 and 1997 NLSY. Journal of Human Resources, 36(4), 703–726.
Sipsma, H. L., Ickovics, J. R., Lin, H., & Kershaw, T. S. (2013). The impact of future expectations on adolescent sexual risk behavior. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 1–14. doi: 10.1007/s10964-013-0082-7.
Stoddard, S. A., Zimmerman, M. A., & Bauermeister, J. A. (2011). Thinking about the future as a way to succeed in the present: a longitudinal study of future orientation and violent behaviors among African American youth. American Journal of Community Psychology, 48(3-4), 238–246. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Sweeten, G. (2006). Who will graduate? Disruption of high school education by arrest and court involvement. Justice Quarterly, 23(4), 462–480. CrossRef
Sweeten, G. (2012). Scaling criminal offending. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 28(3), 533–557. CrossRef
Wechsler, D. (1999). Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation.
Weiss, R. F. (1961). Aspirations and expectations: a dimensional analysis. The Journal of Social Psychology, 53(2), 249–254. CrossRef
Wright, B. R. E., Caspi, A., Moffitt, T. E., Miech, R. A., & Silva, P. A. (1999). Reconsidering the relationship between SES and delinquency: causation but not correlation. Criminology, 37(1), 175–194. CrossRef
- Aspirations, Expectations and Delinquency: The Moderating Effect of Impulse Control
Paul J. Frick
- Springer US