Are pre-pregnancy weight fluctuations and adherence to prenatal nutrition and exercise recommendations related to excessive gestational weight gain?
Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine | Uitgave 6/2020Log in om toegang te krijgen
Women who have an overweight or obese pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) may be recommended to lose weight before pregnancy, however the association of preconception weight fluctuations and prenatal adherence to nutrition and exercise recommendations with gestational weight gain (GWG) have not been assessed. One hundred women with a pre-pregnancy BMI ≥ 25.0 kg/m2 who participated in the Nutrition and Exercise Lifestyle Intervention Program (NELIP) were included and stratified as gained weight excessively (n = 47) or not (n = 53) using the 2009 Institute of Medicine GWG guidelines. Participants completed a Weight Health History Questionnaire providing information about weight loss prior to the index pregnancy. Adherence was scored based on meeting six nutrition and exercise goals for the NELIP (/6). More women who gained excessively reported that they had actively tried to lose weight a year before the current pregnancy (61%) than women who did not gain excessively (39%; p = 0.02). Of the women attempting preconception weight loss, those who gained excessively lost more weight (6.7 ± 10.2 kg) than women who did not (2.1 ± 3.8 kg; p = 0.003). Adherence to the NELIP was lower among women who gained excessively (3.3 ± 0.8; 55%) than those who did not (4.4 ± 0.9;73%; p < 0.001). Program adherence (p < 0.001) was related to excessive GWG.