Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in:

25-06-2020 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Are Contemplative Capacities Created Equal?: Examining Demographic Differences in Adolescents’ Contemplative Capacity and Differences in Psychological Well-being

Auteurs: Katherine A. Lenger, Patricia N. E. Roberson, Karen Bluth

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 7/2020

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Objectives

Contemplative abilities including self-compassion, mindfulness, and related constructs such as distress tolerance are associated with adolescent psychological wellbeing. Yet how adolescents vary in contemplative abilities, and how such variations differ as a function of demographics, remains unclear. The present study sought to determine how many profiles of “contemplative capacities” exist among adolescents, how the profiles differ on demographics (i.e., gender, age, minority status, father and mother education) and adolescent psychological well-being (i.e., depression, anxiety, stress, life satisfaction, and resilience), and how differences in psychological well-being are moderated by demographics (i.e., gender, age, minority status, father and mother education).

Methods

Data were collected from 789 middle and high school students. Profiles of adolescent “contemplative capacities” were determined using adolescent self-reported self-compassion, mindfulness, and distress tolerance within a latent profile analysis.

Results

Three “contemplative capacities” (CC) profiles fit the data best: Profile 1: Moderate CC (n = 340); profile 2, High CC (n = 262); and profile 3, Low CC represents (n = 148). Profiles differed on gender, age, minority status, and father education. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) tests were conducted to examine mean difference among the high, moderate, and low CC profiles. The three profiles differed on all psychological well-being outcomes, with high CC reporting greatest psychological well-being, followed by moderate CC, and then low CC. Lastly, CC profiles differed on indicators of psychological well-being as a function of gender and minority status.

Conclusions

Variations exist among adolescents’ contemplative abilities and such differences are associated with demographic factors and psychological well-being.
Literatuur
go back to reference Angold, A., Costello, E. J., Messer, S. C., & Pickles, A. (1995). Development of a short questionnaire for use in epidemiological studies of depression in children and adolescents. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 5, 237–249. Angold, A., Costello, E. J., Messer, S. C., & Pickles, A. (1995). Development of a short questionnaire for use in epidemiological studies of depression in children and adolescents. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 5, 237–249.
go back to reference Bluth, K., Gaylord, S. A., Campo, R. A., Mullarkey, M. C., & Hobbs, L. (2016). Making friends with yourself: A mixed methods pilot study of a mindful self-compassion program for adolescents. Mindfulness, 7(2), 479–492. Bluth, K.,  Gaylord, S. A., Campo, R. A., Mullarkey, M. C., & Hobbs, L. (2016). Making friends with yourself: A mixed methods pilot study of a mindful self-compassion program for adolescents. Mindfulness, 7(2), 479–492.
go back to reference Bluth, K., Park, J., & Lathren, C. (2020). Is parents’ education level associated with adolescent self-compassion? Explore (NY). Online Ahead of Print. Bluth, K., Park, J., & Lathren, C. (2020). Is parents’ education level associated with adolescent self-compassion? Explore (NY). Online Ahead of Print.
go back to reference Cohen, S., & Williamson, G. (1994). Perceived stress in a probability sample of the United States. In S. Spacapan & S. Oskamp (Eds.), The social psychology of health. Newbury Park: Sage. Cohen, S., & Williamson, G. (1994). Perceived stress in a probability sample of the United States. In S. Spacapan & S. Oskamp (Eds.), The social psychology of health. Newbury Park: Sage.
go back to reference Morin, A. J. S., & Wang, J. C. K. (2016). A gentle introduction to mixture modeling using physical fitness data. In N. Ntoumanis & N. Myers (Eds.), An introduction to intermediate and advanced statistical analyses for sport and exercise scientists (pp. 183–210). London: Wiley. Morin, A. J. S., & Wang, J. C. K. (2016). A gentle introduction to mixture modeling using physical fitness data. In N. Ntoumanis & N. Myers (Eds.), An introduction to intermediate and advanced statistical analyses for sport and exercise scientists (pp. 183–210). London: Wiley.
go back to reference Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (1998). BO 1998-2012. Mplus user’s guide, 7. Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (1998). BO 1998-2012. Mplus user’s guide, 7.
go back to reference Raes, A. K., Bruyneel, L., Loeys, T., Moerkerke, B., & De Raedt, R. (2013). Mindful attention and awareness mediate the association between age and negative affect. The Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 70(2), 179–188. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbt074.CrossRef Raes, A. K., Bruyneel, L., Loeys, T., Moerkerke, B., & De Raedt, R. (2013). Mindful attention and awareness mediate the association between age and negative affect. The Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 70(2), 179–188. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1093/​geronb/​gbt074.CrossRef
go back to reference Suizzo, M. A., Rackley, K. R., Robbins, P. A., Jackson, K. M., Rarick, J. R., & McClain, S. (2017). The unique effects of fathers’ warmth on adolescents’ positive beliefs and behaviors: pathways to resilience in low-income families. Sex Roles, 77(1–2), 46–58. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-016-0696-9.CrossRef Suizzo, M. A., Rackley, K. R., Robbins, P. A., Jackson, K. M., Rarick, J. R., & McClain, S. (2017). The unique effects of fathers’ warmth on adolescents’ positive beliefs and behaviors: pathways to resilience in low-income families. Sex Roles, 77(1–2), 46–58. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s11199-016-0696-9.CrossRef
go back to reference Williams, G. A., & Kibowski, F. (2016). Latent class analysis and latent profile analysis. In L. Jason & D. Glenwick (Eds.), Handbook of methodological approaches to community-based research: qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods (pp. 143–151). New York: Oxford University Press. Williams, G. A., & Kibowski, F. (2016). Latent class analysis and latent profile analysis. In L. Jason & D. Glenwick (Eds.), Handbook of methodological approaches to community-based research: qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods (pp. 143–151). New York: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Williams, D. R., Priest, N., & Anderson, N. (2016). Understanding associations between race, socioeconomic status and health: patterns and prospects. Health Psychology : Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association, 35(4), 407–411. https://doi.org/10.1037/hea0000242.CrossRef Williams, D. R., Priest, N., & Anderson, N. (2016). Understanding associations between race, socioeconomic status and health: patterns and prospects. Health Psychology : Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association, 35(4), 407–411. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​hea0000242.CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Are Contemplative Capacities Created Equal?: Examining Demographic Differences in Adolescents’ Contemplative Capacity and Differences in Psychological Well-being
Auteurs
Katherine A. Lenger
Patricia N. E. Roberson
Karen Bluth
Publicatiedatum
25-06-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 7/2020
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-020-01383-w

Andere artikelen Uitgave 7/2020

Mindfulness 7/2020 Naar de uitgave

ORTHOGONAL ROTATION IN CONSCIOUSNESS

Politics Not as Usual in the Twenty-First Century

ORIGINAL PAPER

External Mindfulness