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01-04-2015 | Original Paper | Uitgave 4/2015

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 4/2015

Approximating Implicit and Explicit Mentalizing with Two Naturalistic Video-Based Tasks in Typical Development and Autism Spectrum Disorder

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders > Uitgave 4/2015
Auteurs:
Gabriela Rosenblau, Dorit Kliemann, Hauke R. Heekeren, Isabel Dziobek
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s10803-014-2249-9) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have been proposed to show greater impairments in implicit than explicit mentalizing. To test this proposition, we developed two comparable naturalistic tasks for a performance-based approximation of implicit and explicit mentalizing in 28 individuals with ASD and 23 matched typically developed (TD) participants. Although both tasks were sensitive to the social impairments of individuals with ASD, implicit mentalizing was not more dysfunctional than explicit mentalizing. In TD participants, performance on the tasks did not correlate with each other, whereas in individuals with ASD they were highly correlated. These findings suggest that implicit and explicit mentalizing processes are separable in typical development. In contrast, in individuals with ASD implicit and explicit mentalizing processes are similarly impaired and closely linked suggesting a lack of developmental specification of these processes in ASD.

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Extra materiaal
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 32 kb)
10803_2014_2249_MOESM1_ESM.doc
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