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The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s10865-013-9519-4) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
The time it takes for individuals to realize that their emerging colorectal cancer (CRC) symptoms are serious is often an impediment to expeditious help-seeking. Tailored educational efforts to hasten symptom appraisal time would benefit from knowledge of the characteristics of individuals who tend to neglect their symptoms as well as the nature of symptoms that are most often neglected. In a sample of 112 CRC patients, we investigated associations between duration of symptom appraisal and: (1) trait anxiety, and (2) tumor location, which affects symptomatology. Symptom appraisal duration was associated with a sex-by-anxiety interaction (p = 0.007). The longest times (in weeks) were among high anxiety females (Mdn = 26.0) and low anxiety males (Mdn = 17.0), with shorter times among low anxiety females (Mdn = 9.0) and high anxiety males (Mdn = 2.0). Symptom appraisal times were also longer for patients with distal (vs. proximal) tumors (p = 0.036).
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Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 17 kb)10865_2013_9519_MOESM1_ESM.docx
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- Appraisal of emerging symptoms of colorectal cancer: associations with dispositional, demographic, and tumor characteristics
Stephen L. Ristvedt
Sandi L. Pruitt
Kathryn M. Trinkaus
- Springer US