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Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research 10/2019

10-09-2019 | Responses to “Advancing quality‑of‑life research by deepening our understanding of response shift” by Bruce D. Rapkin & Carolyn E. Schwartz

Appraisal as a unifying theory of response shift: continuing the conversation

Auteur: Nancy E. Mayo

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research | Uitgave 10/2019

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Excerpt

The commentary paper by Rapkin and Schwartz (R&S) is about “IT” [ 1]. Specifically, what is IT in the context of response shift? And can “appraisal” be a unifying approach to IT? In order to have a good representation of IT, one must also have a good representation of what is not IT. The discussion of the response shift IT is reminiscent of the discussion on frailty, difficult to define, but “I know it when I see it” [ 2]. Most definitions of constructs measured by patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are clear about what is IT. However, when it comes to measuring IT, items sometimes creep in that cause IT, predict IT, modify IT, or are a consequence of IT, but in fact are not IT. In this commentary, I raise the questions as to whether appraisal is IT (response shift), a method of measuring IT, or a method of explaining IT. If appraisal is IT, then response shifts are changes in the cognitive processes that are used to arrive at a rating on a PRO. If appraisal is a measure of IT, then appraisal would be like the then-test, not IT but a measure of IT, although with fewer limitations than the then-test. If appraisal is a method of explaining IT then in a regression model of IT, appraisal would explain an important amount of variance in IT. R&S consider that appraisal is a way of operationalizing IT encompassing both measurement and explanation of IT, but not IT. …
Literatuur
1.
go back to reference Borsboom, D. (2005). Measuring the mind: Conceptual Issues in contemporary psychometrics. New York: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef Borsboom, D. (2005). Measuring the mind: Conceptual Issues in contemporary psychometrics. New York: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
2.
go back to reference Speir, A. (2015). Defining frailty: “I know it when I see it”. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 149(3), 875–876. CrossRefPubMed Speir, A. (2015). Defining frailty: “I know it when I see it”. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 149(3), 875–876. CrossRefPubMed
3.
go back to reference Aburub, A. S., Gagnon, B., Ahmed, S., Rodriguez, A. M., & Mayo, N. E. (2018). Impact of reconceptualization response shift on rating of quality of life over time among people with advanced cancer. Supportive Care in Cancer, 26(9), 3063–3071. CrossRefPubMed Aburub, A. S., Gagnon, B., Ahmed, S., Rodriguez, A. M., & Mayo, N. E. (2018). Impact of reconceptualization response shift on rating of quality of life over time among people with advanced cancer. Supportive Care in Cancer, 26(9), 3063–3071. CrossRefPubMed
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go back to reference Barclay-Goddard, R., King, J., Dubouloz, C. J., & Schwartz, C. E. (2012). Building on transformative learning and response shift theory to investigate health-related quality of life changes over time in individuals with chronic health conditions and disability. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 93(2), 214–220. CrossRefPubMed Barclay-Goddard, R., King, J., Dubouloz, C. J., & Schwartz, C. E. (2012). Building on transformative learning and response shift theory to investigate health-related quality of life changes over time in individuals with chronic health conditions and disability. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 93(2), 214–220. CrossRefPubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
Appraisal as a unifying theory of response shift: continuing the conversation
Auteur
Nancy E. Mayo
Publicatiedatum
10-09-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer International Publishing
Gepubliceerd in
Quality of Life Research / Uitgave 10/2019
Print ISSN: 0962-9343
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2649
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-019-02270-1

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