Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 7/2009

01-07-2009 | Original Paper

Anxiety, Social Deficits, and Loneliness in Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Auteurs: Susan W. White, Roxann Roberson-Nay

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 7/2009

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to explore relationships among anxiety, loneliness, and degree of social skill deficit in a sample of youth with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Participants (N = 20) were between 7 and 14 years of age, verbal, and had low average or higher assessed intelligence (average IQ = 92 ± 14.41). Youth who self-reported elevated levels of anxiety reported greater feelings of social loneliness. Those participants earning above average total anxiety scores reported significantly more loneliness than those with less anxiety (F = 6.60, p < .05). A significant relationship between parent-reported child withdrawal and depression and social disability also was found. Recommendations for assessment of co-occurring psychiatric problems in youth with ASD are offered.

Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:

BSL Psychologie Totaal

Met BSL Psychologie Totaal blijf je als professional steeds op de hoogte van de nieuwste ontwikkelingen binnen jouw vak. Met het online abonnement heb je toegang tot een groot aantal boeken, protocollen, vaktijdschriften en e-learnings op het gebied van psychologie en psychiatrie. Zo kun je op je gemak en wanneer het jou het beste uitkomt verdiepen in jouw vakgebied.

Literatuur
go back to reference Achenbach, T. M., & Rescorla, L. A. (2001). Manual for the ASEBA school-age forms & profiles. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Research Center for Children, Youth, & Families. Achenbach, T. M., & Rescorla, L. A. (2001). Manual for the ASEBA school-age forms & profiles. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Research Center for Children, Youth, & Families.
go back to reference Apter, A., Brown, S.-L., Korn, M. L., & van Praag, H. M. (1991). Psychiatric disorders of childhood: The role of serotonin. In S.-L. Brown & H. M. van Praag (Eds.), Clinical and experimental psychiatry monograph: No. 4. The role of serotonin in psychiatric disorders (pp. 215–238). Philadelphia, PA: Brunner/Mazel. Apter, A., Brown, S.-L., Korn, M. L., & van Praag, H. M. (1991). Psychiatric disorders of childhood: The role of serotonin. In S.-L. Brown & H. M. van Praag (Eds.), Clinical and experimental psychiatry monograph: No. 4. The role of serotonin in psychiatric disorders (pp. 215–238). Philadelphia, PA: Brunner/Mazel.
go back to reference Attwood, T. (1998). Asperger’s syndrome: A guide for parents and professionals. Philadelphia: Kingsley. Attwood, T. (1998). Asperger’s syndrome: A guide for parents and professionals. Philadelphia: Kingsley.
go back to reference Berument, S., Rutter, M., Lord, C., Pickles, A., & Bailey, A. (1999). Autism screening questionnaire: Diagnostic validity. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 161, 839–843. Berument, S., Rutter, M., Lord, C., Pickles, A., & Bailey, A. (1999). Autism screening questionnaire: Diagnostic validity. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 161, 839–843.
go back to reference Constantino, J. N., & Gruber, C. P. (2005). Social responsiveness scale (SRS). Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services. Constantino, J. N., & Gruber, C. P. (2005). Social responsiveness scale (SRS). Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.
go back to reference Corsello, C., Cook, E., & Leventhal, M. (2003). A screening instrument for autistic spectrum disorders. Paper presented at the Society for Research in Child Development Biennial Conference, Tampa, Florida. Corsello, C., Cook, E., & Leventhal, M. (2003). A screening instrument for autistic spectrum disorders. Paper presented at the Society for Research in Child Development Biennial Conference, Tampa, Florida.
go back to reference Douglas, J. A., Stout, W., & DiBello, L. V. (1998). A kernel-smoothed version of SIBTEST with applications to local DIF inference and function estimation. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 21, 333–363. Douglas, J. A., Stout, W., & DiBello, L. V. (1998). A kernel-smoothed version of SIBTEST with applications to local DIF inference and function estimation. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 21, 333–363.
go back to reference Holland, P. W., & Wainer, H. (1993). Differential item functioning. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Holland, P. W., & Wainer, H. (1993). Differential item functioning. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
go back to reference Lord, C., Rutter, M., DiLavore, P. C., & Risi, S. (2002). Autism diagnostic observation schedule. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services. Lord, C., Rutter, M., DiLavore, P. C., & Risi, S. (2002). Autism diagnostic observation schedule. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.
go back to reference Lord, C., Rutter, M., & Le Couteur, A. (1994). Autism diagnostic interview-revised: A revised version of a diagnostic interview for caregivers of individuals with possible pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 24, 659–685. doi: 10.​1007/​BF02172145. PubMedCrossRef Lord, C., Rutter, M., & Le Couteur, A. (1994). Autism diagnostic interview-revised: A revised version of a diagnostic interview for caregivers of individuals with possible pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 24, 659–685. doi: 10.​1007/​BF02172145. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference March, J. S. (1997). Multidimensional anxiety scale for children manual. North Tonawanda, NY: Multi-Health Systems. March, J. S. (1997). Multidimensional anxiety scale for children manual. North Tonawanda, NY: Multi-Health Systems.
go back to reference Myles, B., Barnhill, G., Hagiwara, T., Griswold, D., & Simpson, R. (2001a). A synthesis of studies on the intellectual, academic, social/emotional and sensory characteristics of children with Asperger syndrome. Education and Training in Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities, 36, 304–311. Myles, B., Barnhill, G., Hagiwara, T., Griswold, D., & Simpson, R. (2001a). A synthesis of studies on the intellectual, academic, social/emotional and sensory characteristics of children with Asperger syndrome. Education and Training in Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities, 36, 304–311.
go back to reference Myles, B., Bock, S., & Simpson, R. (2001b). Asperger syndrome diagnostic scale. Austin, Texas: Pro-Ed. Myles, B., Bock, S., & Simpson, R. (2001b). Asperger syndrome diagnostic scale. Austin, Texas: Pro-Ed.
go back to reference Piven, J., & Palmer, P. (1999). Psychiatric disorder and the broad autism phenotype: Evidence from a family study of multiple-incidence autism families. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 156, 557–563. PubMed Piven, J., & Palmer, P. (1999). Psychiatric disorder and the broad autism phenotype: Evidence from a family study of multiple-incidence autism families. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 156, 557–563. PubMed
go back to reference Reynolds, C. R., & Richmond, B. O. (1978). Factor structure and construct validity of “What I Think and Feel”. The revised children’s manifest anxiety scale. Journal of Personality Research, 43, 281–283. Reynolds, C. R., & Richmond, B. O. (1978). Factor structure and construct validity of “What I Think and Feel”. The revised children’s manifest anxiety scale. Journal of Personality Research, 43, 281–283.
go back to reference Roussos, L. A., & Stout, W. F. (2004). Differential item functioning analysis: Detecting DIF items and testing DIF hypotheses. In D. Kaplan (Ed.), The SAGE handbook of quantitative methodology for the social sciences (pp. 107–115). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Roussos, L. A., & Stout, W. F. (2004). Differential item functioning analysis: Detecting DIF items and testing DIF hypotheses. In D. Kaplan (Ed.), The SAGE handbook of quantitative methodology for the social sciences (pp. 107–115). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
go back to reference Rutter, M., Bailey, A., & Lord, C. (2003). The social communication questionnaire. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services. Rutter, M., Bailey, A., & Lord, C. (2003). The social communication questionnaire. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.
go back to reference Schopler, E., & Mesibov, G. (1983). Autism in adolescents and adults. New York: Plenum Press. Schopler, E., & Mesibov, G. (1983). Autism in adolescents and adults. New York: Plenum Press.
go back to reference United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2007). Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders—autism and developmental disabilities monitoring network, 14 sites, United States, 2002. Surveillance Summaries, MMWR 2007; 56(No. SS-1). United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2007). Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders—autism and developmental disabilities monitoring network, 14 sites, United States, 2002. Surveillance Summaries, MMWR 2007; 56(No. SS-1).
go back to reference White, S.W., Oswald, D., Ollendick, T., & Scahill L. (2009). Anxiety in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders. Clinical Psychology Review (in press). White, S.W., Oswald, D., Ollendick, T., & Scahill L. (2009). Anxiety in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders. Clinical Psychology Review (in press).
go back to reference Zumbo, B. D., & Witarsa, P. M. (2004). Nonparametric IRT methodology for detecting DIF in moderate-to-small scale measurement: Operating characteristics and a comparison with the Mantel Haenszel. Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association Meeting, San Diego, CA. Zumbo, B. D., & Witarsa, P. M. (2004). Nonparametric IRT methodology for detecting DIF in moderate-to-small scale measurement: Operating characteristics and a comparison with the Mantel Haenszel. Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association Meeting, San Diego, CA.
Metagegevens
Titel
Anxiety, Social Deficits, and Loneliness in Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Auteurs
Susan W. White
Roxann Roberson-Nay
Publicatiedatum
01-07-2009
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 7/2009
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-009-0713-8