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01-12-2013 | Original Article | Uitgave 6/2013

Cognitive Therapy and Research 6/2013

Anxiety Sensitivity and Childhood Learning Experiences: Impacts on Panic Symptoms Among Adolescents

Tijdschrift:
Cognitive Therapy and Research > Uitgave 6/2013
Auteurs:
Ashley A. Knapp, Jamie Frala, Heidemarie Blumenthal, Christal L. Badour, Ellen W. Leen-Feldner

Abstract

Specific parenting behaviors, in the context of offspring bodily arousal, relate to elevated risk for panic symptomatology. Research with adults also suggests anxiety sensitivity (AS) plays an important role in this relationship. However, very limited research has been conducted with adolescents. To address this gap in the literature, the current study evaluated the interplay between AS and arousal-reactive as well as arousal non-reactive childhood learning experiences in predicting panic symptomatology among a community sample of 10–17 year old adolescents (n = 153). Findings indicated arousal-reactive learning experiences were associated with increased panic symptomatology, but only among youth high in AS. Further, this model evidenced relative specificity in that arousal non-reactive learning experiences did not interact with AS to predict panic symptomatology. The current findings add to the literature seeking to elucidate the interplay between specific parenting behaviors and offspring characteristics as they relate to elevated risk for panic-related outcomes.

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