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08-06-2016 | Original Article | Uitgave 1/2017

Child Psychiatry & Human Development 1/2017

Antecedents of Treatment Resistant Depression in Children Victimized by Peers

Tijdschrift:
Child Psychiatry & Human Development > Uitgave 1/2017
Auteurs:
KL Healy, MR Sanders

Abstract

Children victimized by peers are at increased risk of ongoing depression. This study investigates treatment resistant depression in children victimized by peers, following participation in a targeted cognitive behavioral family intervention. The sample comprised 39 children aged 6–12 years with elevated depression compared with a general sample, prior to the intervention. Six months after the intervention, 26 were no longer depressed and 13 were still depressed. This study investigated the differentiation of these two groups on the basis of parenting and child factors. Children with treatment resistant depression were discriminated from other children by lower levels of peer support and facilitative parenting immediately after the intervention. It was concluded that ongoing support from parents and peers is needed to reduce the risk of ongoing depression even if victimization has been reduced. Further research could develop a comprehensive profile of children at risk of depression following peer victimization.

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