Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 2/2012

01-06-2012

An Investigation of the Relationships among Negative Affect, Difficulties in Emotion Regulation, and Features of Borderline Personality Disorder

Auteurs: Nicholas L. Salsman, Marsha M. Linehan

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment | Uitgave 2/2012

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

This study investigated the indirect effects of problematic emotion regulation on features of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) when accounting for negative affect in 456 participants from two distinct geographic regions. Participants completed the Affect Intensity Measure (AIM), Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS), the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ), and the Borderline Symptom List (BSL). Results from this study supported a model in which there were significant indirect effects of both a lack of emotional clarity and limited access to emotion regulation strategies on features of BPD when accounting for negative affective intensity. Results also supported a second model in which there were significant indirect effects of both limited access to emotion regulation strategies and difficulties engaging in goal-directed behavior on features of BPD when accounting for negative affective reactivity. The results highlight important inter-relationships among features of BPD, difficulties regulating emotions, and negative affective intensity and reactivity.

Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:

BSL Psychologie Totaal

Met BSL Psychologie Totaal blijf je als professional steeds op de hoogte van de nieuwste ontwikkelingen binnen jouw vak. Met het online abonnement heb je toegang tot een groot aantal boeken, protocollen, vaktijdschriften en e-learnings op het gebied van psychologie en psychiatrie. Zo kun je op je gemak en wanneer het jou het beste uitkomt verdiepen in jouw vakgebied.

Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text rev.). Washington, DC: Author. American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text rev.). Washington, DC: Author.
go back to reference Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 1173–1182. PubMedCrossRef Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 1173–1182. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bland, A., Williams, C., Scharer, K., & Manning, S. (2004). Emotion processing in borderline personality disorders. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 25, 655–672. PubMedCrossRef Bland, A., Williams, C., Scharer, K., & Manning, S. (2004). Emotion processing in borderline personality disorders. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 25, 655–672. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bohus, M., Limberger, M. F., Frank, U., Chapman, A. L., Kuhler, T., & Stieglitz, R. (2007). Psychometric properties of the Borderline Symptom List (BSL). Psychopathology, 40, 126–132. Bohus, M., Limberger, M. F., Frank, U., Chapman, A. L., Kuhler, T., & Stieglitz, R. (2007). Psychometric properties of the Borderline Symptom List (BSL). Psychopathology, 40, 126–132.
go back to reference Bryant, F. B., Yarnold, P. R., & Grimm, L. G. (1996). Toward a measurement model of the Affect Intensity Measure: A three-factor structure. Journal of Research in Personality, 30, 223–247. CrossRef Bryant, F. B., Yarnold, P. R., & Grimm, L. G. (1996). Toward a measurement model of the Affect Intensity Measure: A three-factor structure. Journal of Research in Personality, 30, 223–247. CrossRef
go back to reference Cheavens, J. S., Rosenthal, M. Z., Daughters, S. B., Nowak, J., Kosson, D., Lynch, T. R., & Lejuez, C. W. (2005). An analogue investigation of the relationships among perceived parental criticism, negative affect, and borderline personality disorder features: The role of thought suppression. Behavior Research and Therapy, 43, 257–268. CrossRef Cheavens, J. S., Rosenthal, M. Z., Daughters, S. B., Nowak, J., Kosson, D., Lynch, T. R., & Lejuez, C. W. (2005). An analogue investigation of the relationships among perceived parental criticism, negative affect, and borderline personality disorder features: The role of thought suppression. Behavior Research and Therapy, 43, 257–268. CrossRef
go back to reference Chapman, A. L., Rosenthal, Z., & Leung, D. W. (2009). Emotion suppression in borderline personality disorder: An experience sampling study. Journal of Personality Disorders, 23, 29–47. PubMedCrossRef Chapman, A. L., Rosenthal, Z., & Leung, D. W. (2009). Emotion suppression in borderline personality disorder: An experience sampling study. Journal of Personality Disorders, 23, 29–47. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Crowell, S. E., Beauchaine, T. P., & Linehan, M. M. (2009). A biosocial developmental model of borderline personality: Elaborating and extending Linehan’s theory. Psychological Bulletin, 135, 495–510. PubMedCrossRef Crowell, S. E., Beauchaine, T. P., & Linehan, M. M. (2009). A biosocial developmental model of borderline personality: Elaborating and extending Linehan’s theory. Psychological Bulletin, 135, 495–510. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Gardner, D. L., Leibenluft, E., O’Leary, K. M., & Cowdry, R. W. (1991). Self-ratings of anger and hostility in borderline personality disorder. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 179, 157–161. PubMedCrossRef Gardner, D. L., Leibenluft, E., O’Leary, K. M., & Cowdry, R. W. (1991). Self-ratings of anger and hostility in borderline personality disorder. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 179, 157–161. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Glenn, C. R., & Klonsky, E. D. (2009). Emotion dysregulation as a core feature of Borderline Personality Disorder. Journal of Personality Disorders, 23, 20–28. Glenn, C. R., & Klonsky, E. D. (2009). Emotion dysregulation as a core feature of Borderline Personality Disorder. Journal of Personality Disorders, 23, 20–28.
go back to reference Gratz, K. L., & Roemer, L. (2004). Multidimensional assessment of emotion regulation and dysregulation: Development, factor structure, and initial validation of the difficulties in emotion regulation scale. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 26, 41–54. CrossRef Gratz, K. L., & Roemer, L. (2004). Multidimensional assessment of emotion regulation and dysregulation: Development, factor structure, and initial validation of the difficulties in emotion regulation scale. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 26, 41–54. CrossRef
go back to reference Gross, J. J., & John, O. P. (2003). Individual differences in two emotion regulation processes: Implications for affect, relationships, and well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, 348–362. PubMedCrossRef Gross, J. J., & John, O. P. (2003). Individual differences in two emotion regulation processes: Implications for affect, relationships, and well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, 348–362. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Gross, J. J., & Levenson, R. W. (1993). Hiding feelings: The acute effects of inhibiting negative and positive emotion. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 106, 95–103. CrossRef Gross, J. J., & Levenson, R. W. (1993). Hiding feelings: The acute effects of inhibiting negative and positive emotion. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 106, 95–103. CrossRef
go back to reference Henry, C., Mitropoulou, M., New, A. S., Koenigsberg, H. W., Silverman, J., & Siever, L. J. (2001). Affective instability and impulsivity in borderline personality and bipolar II disorders: Similarities and differences. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 35, 307–312. PubMedCrossRef Henry, C., Mitropoulou, M., New, A. S., Koenigsberg, H. W., Silverman, J., & Siever, L. J. (2001). Affective instability and impulsivity in borderline personality and bipolar II disorders: Similarities and differences. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 35, 307–312. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Herpertz, S.C., Dietrich, T.M., Wenning, B., Krings, T., Erberich, S.G., Willmes, K., . . . Sass, H. (2001). Evidence of abnormal amygdala functioning in BPD: a functional MRI study. Biological Psychiatry, 50, 292–298. Herpertz, S.C., Dietrich, T.M., Wenning, B., Krings, T., Erberich, S.G., Willmes, K., . . . Sass, H. (2001). Evidence of abnormal amygdala functioning in BPD: a functional MRI study. Biological Psychiatry, 50, 292–298.
go back to reference Larsen, R. J., & Diener, E. (1987). Affect intensity as an individual difference characteristic: A review. Journal of Research in Personality, 21, 1–39. CrossRef Larsen, R. J., & Diener, E. (1987). Affect intensity as an individual difference characteristic: A review. Journal of Research in Personality, 21, 1–39. CrossRef
go back to reference Linehan, M. M. (1993). Cognitive behavioral treatment of borderline personality disorder. New York: The Guilford Press. Linehan, M. M. (1993). Cognitive behavioral treatment of borderline personality disorder. New York: The Guilford Press.
go back to reference Lynch, T. R., Chapman, A. L., Rosenthal, M. Z., Kuo, J. R., & Linehan, M. M. (2006). Mechanisms of change in Dialectical behavior therapy: Theoretical and empirical observations. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 62, 459–480. PubMedCrossRef Lynch, T. R., Chapman, A. L., Rosenthal, M. Z., Kuo, J. R., & Linehan, M. M. (2006). Mechanisms of change in Dialectical behavior therapy: Theoretical and empirical observations. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 62, 459–480. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lynch, T. R., Trost, W. T., Salsman, N. L., & Linehan, M. M. (2007). Dialectical Behavior Therapy for Borderline Personality Disorder. In Nolen-Hoeksema, Cannon, & Widiger (Eds.), Annual Review of Clinical Psychology: Volume 3, 2007 (pp. 181–205) . Palo Alto, CA: Annual Reviews. Lynch, T. R., Trost, W. T., Salsman, N. L., & Linehan, M. M. (2007). Dialectical Behavior Therapy for Borderline Personality Disorder. In Nolen-Hoeksema, Cannon, & Widiger (Eds.), Annual Review of Clinical Psychology: Volume 3, 2007 (pp. 181–205) . Palo Alto, CA: Annual Reviews.
go back to reference Nica, E. I., & Links, P. S. (2009). Affective instability in borderline personality disorder: Experience sampling findings. Current Psychiatry Reports, 11, 74–81. PubMedCrossRef Nica, E. I., & Links, P. S. (2009). Affective instability in borderline personality disorder: Experience sampling findings. Current Psychiatry Reports, 11, 74–81. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Preacher, K. J., & Hayes, A. F. (2008). Asymptotic and resampling strategies for assessing and comparing indirect effects in multiple mediator models. Behavior Research Methods, 40, 879–891. PubMedCrossRef Preacher, K. J., & Hayes, A. F. (2008). Asymptotic and resampling strategies for assessing and comparing indirect effects in multiple mediator models. Behavior Research Methods, 40, 879–891. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Rosenthal, Z. M., Cheavens, J. S., Lejuez, C. W., & Lynch, T. R. (2005). Thought suppression mediates the relationship between negative affect and borderline personality disorder symptoms. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 43, 1173–1185. PubMedCrossRef Rosenthal, Z. M., Cheavens, J. S., Lejuez, C. W., & Lynch, T. R. (2005). Thought suppression mediates the relationship between negative affect and borderline personality disorder symptoms. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 43, 1173–1185. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Rosenthal, Z. M., Gratz, K. L., Kosson, D. S., Cheavens, J. S., Lejuez, C. W., & Lynch, T. R. (2008). Borderline personality disorder and emotional responding: A review of the research literature. Clinical Psychology Review, 28, 75–91. PubMedCrossRef Rosenthal, Z. M., Gratz, K. L., Kosson, D. S., Cheavens, J. S., Lejuez, C. W., & Lynch, T. R. (2008). Borderline personality disorder and emotional responding: A review of the research literature. Clinical Psychology Review, 28, 75–91. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Tebartz van Elst, L., Hesslinger, B., Thiel, T., Geiger, E., Haegele, K., Lemieux, L., . . . Ebert, D. (2003). Frontolimbic brain abnormalities in patients with borderline personality disorder a volumetric magnetic resonance imaging study. Biological Psychiatry, 54, 163–171. doi: 10.​1016/​S0006-3223(02)01743-2. Tebartz van Elst, L., Hesslinger, B., Thiel, T., Geiger, E., Haegele, K., Lemieux, L., . . . Ebert, D. (2003). Frontolimbic brain abnormalities in patients with borderline personality disorder a volumetric magnetic resonance imaging study. Biological Psychiatry, 54, 163–171. doi: 10.​1016/​S0006-3223(02)01743-2.
go back to reference Tolpin, L. H., Gunthert, K. C., Cohen, L. H., & O’Neill, S. C. (2004). Borderline personality features and instability of daily negative affect and self-esteem. Journal of Personality, 72, 111–138. PubMedCrossRef Tolpin, L. H., Gunthert, K. C., Cohen, L. H., & O’Neill, S. C. (2004). Borderline personality features and instability of daily negative affect and self-esteem. Journal of Personality, 72, 111–138. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Trull, T. J. (1995). Borderline personality disorder features in nonclinical young adults: 1. Identification and validation. Psychological Assessment, 7, 33–41. CrossRef Trull, T. J. (1995). Borderline personality disorder features in nonclinical young adults: 1. Identification and validation. Psychological Assessment, 7, 33–41. CrossRef
go back to reference Trull, T. J. (2001). Structural relations between borderline personality disorder features and putative etiological correlates. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 110, 471–481. PubMedCrossRef Trull, T. J. (2001). Structural relations between borderline personality disorder features and putative etiological correlates. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 110, 471–481. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Wegner, D. M., & Zanakos, S. (1994). Chronic thought suppression. Journal of Personality, 62, 615–640. CrossRef Wegner, D. M., & Zanakos, S. (1994). Chronic thought suppression. Journal of Personality, 62, 615–640. CrossRef
go back to reference Widiger, T. A., & Weissman, M. M. (1991). Epidemiology of borderline personality disorder. Hospital & Community Psychiatry, 42, 1015–1021. Widiger, T. A., & Weissman, M. M. (1991). Epidemiology of borderline personality disorder. Hospital & Community Psychiatry, 42, 1015–1021.
go back to reference Williams, K. E., Chambless, D. L., & Ahrens, A. H. (1997). Are emotions frightening? An extension of the fear concept. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 35, 239–248. PubMedCrossRef Williams, K. E., Chambless, D. L., & Ahrens, A. H. (1997). Are emotions frightening? An extension of the fear concept. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 35, 239–248. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Yen, S., Zlotnick, C., & Costello, E. (2002). Affect regulation in women with borderline personality disorder traits. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 190, 693–696. PubMedCrossRef Yen, S., Zlotnick, C., & Costello, E. (2002). Affect regulation in women with borderline personality disorder traits. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 190, 693–696. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Zeigler-Hill, V., & Abraham, J. (2006). Borderline personality features: Instability of self-esteem and affect. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 6, 668–687. CrossRef Zeigler-Hill, V., & Abraham, J. (2006). Borderline personality features: Instability of self-esteem and affect. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 6, 668–687. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
An Investigation of the Relationships among Negative Affect, Difficulties in Emotion Regulation, and Features of Borderline Personality Disorder
Auteurs
Nicholas L. Salsman
Marsha M. Linehan
Publicatiedatum
01-06-2012
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment / Uitgave 2/2012
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-012-9275-8