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Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 5/2016

24-06-2016 | ORIGINAL PAPER

An Investigation of the Effects of Brief Mindfulness Training on Self-Reported Interoceptive Awareness, the Ability to Decenter, and Their Role in the Reduction of Depressive Symptoms

Auteurs: Maria Fissler, Emilia Winnebeck, Titus Schroeter, Marie Gummersbach, Julia M. Huntenburg, Matti Gaertner, Thorsten Barnhofer

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 5/2016

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Abstract

Mindfulness-based interventions for the prevention and treatment of depression are predicated on the idea that interoceptive awareness represents a crucial foundation for the cultivation of adaptive ways of responding to negative thoughts and mood states such as the ability to decenter. The current study used a multi-dimensional self-report assessment of interoceptive awareness, including regulatory and belief-related aspects of the construct, in order to characterize deficits in interoceptive awareness in depression, investigate whether brief mindfulness training could reduce these deficits, and to test whether the training unfolds its beneficial effects through the above-described pathway. Currently depressed patients (n = 67) were compared to healthy controls (n = 25) and then randomly allocated to receive either a brief training in mindfulness (per-protocol sample of n = 32) or an active control training (per-protocol sample of n = 28). Patients showed significant deficits across a range of regulatory and belief-related aspects of interoceptive awareness, mindfulness training significantly increased regulatory and belief-related aspects of interoceptive awareness, and reductions in depressive symptoms were mediated through a serial pathway in which training-related increases in aspects of interoceptive awareness were positively associated with the ability to decenter, which in turn was associated with reduced symptoms of depression. These results support the role of interoceptive awareness in facilitating adaptive responses to negative mood.
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Metagegevens
Titel
An Investigation of the Effects of Brief Mindfulness Training on Self-Reported Interoceptive Awareness, the Ability to Decenter, and Their Role in the Reduction of Depressive Symptoms
Auteurs
Maria Fissler
Emilia Winnebeck
Titus Schroeter
Marie Gummersbach
Julia M. Huntenburg
Matti Gaertner
Thorsten Barnhofer
Publicatiedatum
24-06-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 5/2016
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-016-0559-z