Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 12/2018

03-07-2018 | Original Paper

An Investigation of Gelotophobia in Individuals with a Diagnosis of High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder

Auteurs: Geraldine Leader, Susan Grennan, June L. Chen, Arlene Mannion

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 12/2018

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Samson et al. (Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 41:475–483, 2011) conducted the first empirical investigation examining the fear of being laughed at (gelotophobia) and its prevalence in individuals with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (hfASD). The present research examined gelotophobia in relation to social functioning, perceived social support, life satisfaction and quality of life (QoL) in individuals with hfASD, including past experiences of bullying and the presence of comorbid psychopathology. Participants were 103 adults with a clinical diagnosis of hfASD and 137 typically developing controls. Individuals with hfASD presented with higher rates of gelotophobia symptomatology in comparison to controls (87.4 vs. 22.6% respectively). It was also found that social functioning, past experiences of bullying, anxiety and life satisfaction were predictors of gelotophobia amongst individuals with hfASD.
Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (2000). DSM-IV-TR: Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, text revision. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association. American Psychiatric Association. (2000). DSM-IV-TR: Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, text revision. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
go back to reference Asperger, H. (1944). Die ‘Autistischen Psychopathen’ im Kindesalter (translatedas ‘Autistic psychopathy’ in childhood). Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten, 117, 76–136. CrossRef Asperger, H. (1944). Die ‘Autistischen Psychopathen’ im Kindesalter (translatedas ‘Autistic psychopathy’ in childhood). Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten, 117, 76–136. CrossRef
go back to reference Asperger, H. (1991). ‘Autistic psychopathology’ in childhood. In U. Frith (Ed.), Autism and Asperger syndrome (pp. 37–92). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef Asperger, H. (1991). ‘Autistic psychopathology’ in childhood. In U. Frith (Ed.), Autism and Asperger syndrome (pp. 37–92). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
go back to reference Attwood, T. (2000). Strategies for improving the social integration of children with Asperger Syndrome. Autism, 4, 85–100. CrossRef Attwood, T. (2000). Strategies for improving the social integration of children with Asperger Syndrome. Autism, 4, 85–100. CrossRef
go back to reference Attwood, T. (2004). Strategies to reduce the bullying of young children with Asperger syndrome. Australian Journal of Early Childhood, 29(3), 15. Attwood, T. (2004). Strategies to reduce the bullying of young children with Asperger syndrome. Australian Journal of Early Childhood, 29(3), 15.
go back to reference Baron-Cohen, S. (1989). The autistic child’s theory of mind: A case of specific developmental delay. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 30, 285–297. CrossRef Baron-Cohen, S. (1989). The autistic child’s theory of mind: A case of specific developmental delay. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 30, 285–297. CrossRef
go back to reference Baron-Cohen, S. (2001). Theory of mind and autism: A review. In L. M. Glidden (Ed.), Special issue of the international review of mental retardation. San Diego: Academic Press. Baron-Cohen, S. (2001). Theory of mind and autism: A review. In L. M. Glidden (Ed.), Special issue of the international review of mental retardation. San Diego: Academic Press.
go back to reference Baron-Cohen, S., Leslie, A., & Frith, U. (1985). Does the autistic child have a “theory of mind”? Cognition, 21, 37–46. CrossRef Baron-Cohen, S., Leslie, A., & Frith, U. (1985). Does the autistic child have a “theory of mind”? Cognition, 21, 37–46. CrossRef
go back to reference Baron-Cohen, S., Wheelwright, S., Skinner, R., Martin, J., & Clubley, E. (2001). The Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ): Evidence from Asperger syndrome/high-functioning autism, males and females, scientists and mathematicians. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 31, 5–17. CrossRef Baron-Cohen, S., Wheelwright, S., Skinner, R., Martin, J., & Clubley, E. (2001). The Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ): Evidence from Asperger syndrome/high-functioning autism, males and females, scientists and mathematicians. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 31, 5–17. CrossRef
go back to reference Cappadocia, M. C., Weiss, J. A., & Pepler, D. (2012). Bullying experiences among and youth with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42, 266–277. CrossRef Cappadocia, M. C., Weiss, J. A., & Pepler, D. (2012). Bullying experiences among and youth with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42, 266–277. CrossRef
go back to reference Carretero-Dios, H., Ruch, W., Agudelo, D., Platt, T., & Proyer, R. T. (2010). Fear of being laughed at and social anxiety: A preliminary psychometric study. Psychology Science Quarterly, 52, 108–124. Carretero-Dios, H., Ruch, W., Agudelo, D., Platt, T., & Proyer, R. T. (2010). Fear of being laughed at and social anxiety: A preliminary psychometric study. Psychology Science Quarterly, 52, 108–124.
go back to reference Carrington, S., & Graham, L. (2001). Perceptions of school by two teenage boys with Asperger syndrome and their mothers: A qualitative study. Autism, 5, 37–48. CrossRef Carrington, S., & Graham, L. (2001). Perceptions of school by two teenage boys with Asperger syndrome and their mothers: A qualitative study. Autism, 5, 37–48. CrossRef
go back to reference Carter, S. (2009). Bullying of students with Asperger syndrome. Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing, 32, 145–154. CrossRef Carter, S. (2009). Bullying of students with Asperger syndrome. Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing, 32, 145–154. CrossRef
go back to reference Cohen, S., & Hoberman, H. M. (1983). Positive events and social support as buffers of life change stress. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 13, 99–125. CrossRef Cohen, S., & Hoberman, H. M. (1983). Positive events and social support as buffers of life change stress. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 13, 99–125. CrossRef
go back to reference Cohen, S., Mermelstein, R., Kamarck, T., & Hoberman, H. M. (1985). Measuring the functional components of social support. In I. G. Sarason & B. R. Sarason (Eds.), Social support: Theory, research and applications. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. Cohen, S., Mermelstein, R., Kamarck, T., & Hoberman, H. M. (1985). Measuring the functional components of social support. In I. G. Sarason & B. R. Sarason (Eds.), Social support: Theory, research and applications. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
go back to reference Cohen, S., & Wills, T. A. (1985). Stress, social support and the buffering hypothesis. Psychological Bulletin, 98, 310–357. CrossRef Cohen, S., & Wills, T. A. (1985). Stress, social support and the buffering hypothesis. Psychological Bulletin, 98, 310–357. CrossRef
go back to reference Diener, E., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The satisfaction with life scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49, 71–75. CrossRef Diener, E., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The satisfaction with life scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49, 71–75. CrossRef
go back to reference Dubin, N. (2007). Asperger syndrome and bullying: Strategies and solutions. London: Jessica Kingsley. Dubin, N. (2007). Asperger syndrome and bullying: Strategies and solutions. London: Jessica Kingsley.
go back to reference Engström, I., Ekström, L., & Emilsson, B. (2003). Psychosocial functioning in a group of Swedish adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism. Autism, 7, 99–110. PubMed Engström, I., Ekström, L., & Emilsson, B. (2003). Psychosocial functioning in a group of Swedish adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism. Autism, 7, 99–110. PubMed
go back to reference Ferguson, M. A., & Ford, T. E. (2008). Disparagement humor: Atheoretical and empirical review of psychoanalytic, superiority, and social identity theories. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 21, 283–313. CrossRef Ferguson, M. A., & Ford, T. E. (2008). Disparagement humor: Atheoretical and empirical review of psychoanalytic, superiority, and social identity theories. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 21, 283–313. CrossRef
go back to reference Forabosco, G., Ruch, W., & Nucera, P. (2009). The fear of being laughed at among psychiatric patients. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 22, 233–251. CrossRef Forabosco, G., Ruch, W., & Nucera, P. (2009). The fear of being laughed at among psychiatric patients. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 22, 233–251. CrossRef
go back to reference Frith, U. (2004). Emanuel Miller lecture: Confusions and controversies about Asperger syndrome. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45, 672–686. CrossRef Frith, U. (2004). Emanuel Miller lecture: Confusions and controversies about Asperger syndrome. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45, 672–686. CrossRef
go back to reference Gilchrist, A., Green, J., Cox, A., Burton, D., Rutter, M., & Le Couteur, A. (2001). Development and current functioning in adolescents with Asperger syndrome: A comparative study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 42, 227–240. CrossRef Gilchrist, A., Green, J., Cox, A., Burton, D., Rutter, M., & Le Couteur, A. (2001). Development and current functioning in adolescents with Asperger syndrome: A comparative study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 42, 227–240. CrossRef
go back to reference Green, J., Gilchrist, A., Burton, D., & Cox, A. (2000). Social and psychiatric functioning in adolescents with Asperger syndrome compared with conduct disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30, 279–293. CrossRef Green, J., Gilchrist, A., Burton, D., & Cox, A. (2000). Social and psychiatric functioning in adolescents with Asperger syndrome compared with conduct disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30, 279–293. CrossRef
go back to reference Jennes-Coussens, M., Magill-Evans, J., & Koning, C. (2006). The quality of life of young men with Asperger syndrome: A brief report. Autism, 10, 403–414. CrossRef Jennes-Coussens, M., Magill-Evans, J., & Koning, C. (2006). The quality of life of young men with Asperger syndrome: A brief report. Autism, 10, 403–414. CrossRef
go back to reference Little, L. (2002). Middle-class mothers’ perceptions of peer and sibling victimization among children with Asperger syndrome and non-verbal learning disorders. Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing, 25, 43–57. CrossRef Little, L. (2002). Middle-class mothers’ perceptions of peer and sibling victimization among children with Asperger syndrome and non-verbal learning disorders. Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing, 25, 43–57. CrossRef
go back to reference Lugnegard, T., Hallerback, M. U., & Gillberg, C. (2011). Psychiatric comorbidity in young adults with a clinical diagnosis of Asperger syndrome. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 32, 1910–1917. CrossRef Lugnegard, T., Hallerback, M. U., & Gillberg, C. (2011). Psychiatric comorbidity in young adults with a clinical diagnosis of Asperger syndrome. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 32, 1910–1917. CrossRef
go back to reference Martin, R. A. (2007). The psychology of humor: An integrative approach. London: Academic Press. CrossRef Martin, R. A. (2007). The psychology of humor: An integrative approach. London: Academic Press. CrossRef
go back to reference Matson, J. L., & Nebel-Schwalm, M. S. (2007). Comorbid psychopathology with autism spectrum disorder in children: An overview. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 28, 341–352. CrossRef Matson, J. L., & Nebel-Schwalm, M. S. (2007). Comorbid psychopathology with autism spectrum disorder in children: An overview. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 28, 341–352. CrossRef
go back to reference Muris, P., Steerneman, P., Meesters, C., Merckelbach, H., Horselenberg, R., van den Hogen, T., & van Dongen, L. (1999). The TOM test: A new instrument for assessing theory of mind in normal children and children with pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 29(1), 67–80. CrossRef Muris, P., Steerneman, P., Meesters, C., Merckelbach, H., Horselenberg, R., van den Hogen, T., & van Dongen, L. (1999). The TOM test: A new instrument for assessing theory of mind in normal children and children with pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 29(1), 67–80. CrossRef
go back to reference Olweus, D. (1993). Bullying at school: What we know and what we can do. Oxford: Blackwell. Olweus, D. (1993). Bullying at school: What we know and what we can do. Oxford: Blackwell.
go back to reference Papousek, I., Aydin, N., Lackner, H. K., Weiss, E. M., Buehner, M., Schulter, G., et al. (2014). Laughter as a social rejection cue: Gelotophobia and transient cardiac responses to other persons’ laughter and insult. Psychophysiology, 51(11), 1112–1121. CrossRef Papousek, I., Aydin, N., Lackner, H. K., Weiss, E. M., Buehner, M., Schulter, G., et al. (2014). Laughter as a social rejection cue: Gelotophobia and transient cardiac responses to other persons’ laughter and insult. Psychophysiology, 51(11), 1112–1121. CrossRef
go back to reference Pavot, W. G., Diener, E., Colvin, C. R., & Sandvik, E. (1991). Further validation of the satisfaction with life scale: Evidence for the cross-method convergence of well-being measures. Journal of Personality Assessment, 57, 149–161. CrossRef Pavot, W. G., Diener, E., Colvin, C. R., & Sandvik, E. (1991). Further validation of the satisfaction with life scale: Evidence for the cross-method convergence of well-being measures. Journal of Personality Assessment, 57, 149–161. CrossRef
go back to reference Platt, T. (2008). Emotional responses to ridicule and teasing: Should gelotophobes react differently? Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 21, 105–128. CrossRef Platt, T. (2008). Emotional responses to ridicule and teasing: Should gelotophobes react differently? Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 21, 105–128. CrossRef
go back to reference Platt, T., Proyer, R. T., & Ruch, W. (2009). Gelotophobia and bullying: The assessment of the fear of being laughed at and its application among bullying victims. Psychology Science Quarterly, 51, 135–147. Platt, T., Proyer, R. T., & Ruch, W. (2009). Gelotophobia and bullying: The assessment of the fear of being laughed at and its application among bullying victims. Psychology Science Quarterly, 51, 135–147.
go back to reference Proyer, R. T., Hempelmann, C. F., & Ruch, W. (2009). Were they really laughed at? That much? Gelotophobes and their history of perceived derisibility. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 22, 213–231. Proyer, R. T., Hempelmann, C. F., & Ruch, W. (2009). Were they really laughed at? That much? Gelotophobes and their history of perceived derisibility. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 22, 213–231.
go back to reference Proyer, R. T., Platt, T., & Ruch, W. (2010). Self-conscious emotions and ridicule: Shameful gelotophobes and guilt free katagelasticists. Personality and Individual Differences, 49, 54–58. CrossRef Proyer, R. T., Platt, T., & Ruch, W. (2010). Self-conscious emotions and ridicule: Shameful gelotophobes and guilt free katagelasticists. Personality and Individual Differences, 49, 54–58. CrossRef
go back to reference Proyer, R. T., Ruch, W., Ali, N. S., Al-Olimat, H. S., Amemiya, T., Adal, T. A., et al. (2009). Breaking ground in cross-cultural research on the fear of being laughed at (gelotophobia): A multi-national study involving 73 countries. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 22, 253–279. Proyer, R. T., Ruch, W., Ali, N. S., Al-Olimat, H. S., Amemiya, T., Adal, T. A., et al. (2009). Breaking ground in cross-cultural research on the fear of being laughed at (gelotophobia): A multi-national study involving 73 countries. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 22, 253–279.
go back to reference Remington, M., & Tyrer, P. (1979). The social functioning schedule: A brief semi-structured interview. Social Psychiatry, 14, 151–157. CrossRef Remington, M., & Tyrer, P. (1979). The social functioning schedule: A brief semi-structured interview. Social Psychiatry, 14, 151–157. CrossRef
go back to reference Renty, J. O., & Roeyers, H. (2006). Quality of life in high-functioning adults with autism spectrum disorder: The predictive value of disability and support characteristics. Autism, 10, 511–524. CrossRef Renty, J. O., & Roeyers, H. (2006). Quality of life in high-functioning adults with autism spectrum disorder: The predictive value of disability and support characteristics. Autism, 10, 511–524. CrossRef
go back to reference Rowley, E., Chandler, S., Baird, G., Simonoff, E., Pickles, A., Loucas, T., et al. (2012). The experience of friendship, victimisation and bullying in children with an autism spectrum disorder: Associations with child characteristics and school placement. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 6, 1126–1134. CrossRef Rowley, E., Chandler, S., Baird, G., Simonoff, E., Pickles, A., Loucas, T., et al. (2012). The experience of friendship, victimisation and bullying in children with an autism spectrum disorder: Associations with child characteristics and school placement. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 6, 1126–1134. CrossRef
go back to reference Ruch, W. (2009). Fearing humor? Gelotophobia: The fear of being laughed at introduction and overview. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 22, 1–25. CrossRef Ruch, W. (2009). Fearing humor? Gelotophobia: The fear of being laughed at introduction and overview. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 22, 1–25. CrossRef
go back to reference Ruch, W., Altfreder, O., & Proyer, R. T. (2009). How do gelotophobes interpret laughter in ambiguous situations? An experimental validation of the concept. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 22, 63–89. Ruch, W., Altfreder, O., & Proyer, R. T. (2009). How do gelotophobes interpret laughter in ambiguous situations? An experimental validation of the concept. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 22, 63–89.
go back to reference Ruch, W., Hofmann, J., Platt, T., & Proyer, R. T. (2014). The state-of-the art in gelotophobia research: A review and some theoretical extensions. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 27, 23–45. CrossRef Ruch, W., Hofmann, J., Platt, T., & Proyer, R. T. (2014). The state-of-the art in gelotophobia research: A review and some theoretical extensions. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 27, 23–45. CrossRef
go back to reference Ruch, W., & Proyer, R. T. (2008a). The fear of being laughed at: Individual and group differences in gelotophobia. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 21, 47–67. CrossRef Ruch, W., & Proyer, R. T. (2008a). The fear of being laughed at: Individual and group differences in gelotophobia. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 21, 47–67. CrossRef
go back to reference Ruch, W., & Proyer, R. T. (2008b). Who is gelotophobic? Assessment criteria for the fear of being laughed at. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 67, 19–27. CrossRef Ruch, W., & Proyer, R. T. (2008b). Who is gelotophobic? Assessment criteria for the fear of being laughed at. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 67, 19–27. CrossRef
go back to reference Samson, A. C., Huber, O., & Ruch, W. (2011). Teasing, ridiculing and the relation to the fear of being laughed at in individuals with Asperger’s Syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41, 475–483. CrossRef Samson, A. C., Huber, O., & Ruch, W. (2011). Teasing, ridiculing and the relation to the fear of being laughed at in individuals with Asperger’s Syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41, 475–483. CrossRef
go back to reference Schäfer, M., Korn, S., Smith, P. K., Hunter, S. C., Mora-Merchán, J. A., Singer, M. M., et al. (2004). Lonely in the crowd: Recollections of bullying. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 22(3), 379–394. CrossRef Schäfer, M., Korn, S., Smith, P. K., Hunter, S. C., Mora-Merchán, J. A., Singer, M. M., et al. (2004). Lonely in the crowd: Recollections of bullying. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 22(3), 379–394. CrossRef
go back to reference Tanguay, P. E. (2011). Autism in DSM-5. American Journal of Psychiatry, 168, 1142–1144. CrossRef Tanguay, P. E. (2011). Autism in DSM-5. American Journal of Psychiatry, 168, 1142–1144. CrossRef
go back to reference The WHOQOL Group. (1998). Development of the World Health Organization WHOQOL-BREF quality of life assessment. Psychological Medicine, 28, 551–558. CrossRef The WHOQOL Group. (1998). Development of the World Health Organization WHOQOL-BREF quality of life assessment. Psychological Medicine, 28, 551–558. CrossRef
go back to reference Titze, M. (1996). The Pinocchio Complex: Overcoming the fear of laughter. Humor & Health Journal, 5, 1–11. Titze, M. (1996). The Pinocchio Complex: Overcoming the fear of laughter. Humor & Health Journal, 5, 1–11.
go back to reference Titze, M. (2009). Gelotophobia: The fear of being laughed at. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 22(1), 27–48. Titze, M. (2009). Gelotophobia: The fear of being laughed at. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 22(1), 27–48.
go back to reference Tyrer, P., Nur, U., Crawford, M., Karlsen, S., MacLean, C., Rao, B., et al. (2005). The Social functioning questionnaire: A rapid and robust measure of perceived functioning. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 51, 265–275. CrossRef Tyrer, P., Nur, U., Crawford, M., Karlsen, S., MacLean, C., Rao, B., et al. (2005). The Social functioning questionnaire: A rapid and robust measure of perceived functioning. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 51, 265–275. CrossRef
go back to reference Volkmar, F. R., & Klin, A. (2000). Diagnostic issues in Asperger syndrome. Asperger Syndrome, 27, 25–71. Volkmar, F. R., & Klin, A. (2000). Diagnostic issues in Asperger syndrome. Asperger Syndrome, 27, 25–71.
go back to reference Weiss, E. M., Schulter, G., Freudenthaler, H. H., Hofer, E., Pichler, N., & Papousek, I. (2012). Potential markers of aggressive behavior: The fear of other persons’ laughter and its overlaps with mental disorders. PLoS ONE, 7, e38088. CrossRef Weiss, E. M., Schulter, G., Freudenthaler, H. H., Hofer, E., Pichler, N., & Papousek, I. (2012). Potential markers of aggressive behavior: The fear of other persons’ laughter and its overlaps with mental disorders. PLoS ONE, 7, e38088. CrossRef
go back to reference Wing, L. (1981). Asperger syndrome: A clinical account. Psychological Medicine, 11, 115–129. CrossRef Wing, L. (1981). Asperger syndrome: A clinical account. Psychological Medicine, 11, 115–129. CrossRef
go back to reference Woods, A. G., Mahdavi, E., & Ryan, J. P. (2013). Treating clients with Asperger’s Syndrome and autism. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 7, 32–40. CrossRef Woods, A. G., Mahdavi, E., & Ryan, J. P. (2013). Treating clients with Asperger’s Syndrome and autism. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 7, 32–40. CrossRef
go back to reference Yang, S. C., Kuo, P. W., Su, S., Wang, J. D., & Lin, M. L. (2006). Development and psychometric properties of the dialysis module of the WHOQOL-BREF Taiwan version. Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, 105, 299–309. CrossRef Yang, S. C., Kuo, P. W., Su, S., Wang, J. D., & Lin, M. L. (2006). Development and psychometric properties of the dialysis module of the WHOQOL-BREF Taiwan version. Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, 105, 299–309. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
An Investigation of Gelotophobia in Individuals with a Diagnosis of High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder
Auteurs
Geraldine Leader
Susan Grennan
June L. Chen
Arlene Mannion
Publicatiedatum
03-07-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 12/2018
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-018-3661-3

Andere artikelen Uitgave 12/2018

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 12/2018 Naar de uitgave

Letter to the Editor

Double Helix Rainbow Kids