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08-02-2018 | Original Paper | Uitgave 6/2018 Open Access

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 6/2018

An International Clinical Study of Ability and Disability in Autism Spectrum Disorder Using the WHO-ICF Framework

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders > Uitgave 6/2018
Soheil Mahdi, Katja Albertowski, Omar Almodayfer, Vaia Arsenopoulou, Sara Carucci, José Carlos Dias, Mohammad Khalil, Ane Knüppel, Anika Langmann, Marlene Briciet Lauritsen, Graccielle Rodrigues da Cunha, Tokio Uchiyama, Nicole Wolff, Melissa Selb, Mats Granlund, Petrus J. de Vries, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Sven Bölte
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The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10803-018-3482-4) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.


This is the fourth international preparatory study designed to develop International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF, and Children and Youth version, ICF-CY) Core Sets for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Examine functioning of individuals diagnosed with ASD as documented by the ICF-CY in a variety of clinical settings. A cross-sectional study was conducted, involving 11 units from 10 countries. Clinical investigators assessed functioning of 122 individuals with ASD using the ICF-CY checklist. In total, 139 ICF-CY categories were identified: 64 activities and participation, 40 body functions and 35 environmental factors. The study results reinforce the heterogeneity of ASD, as evidenced by the many functional and contextual domains impacting on ASD from a clinical perspective.

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