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11-08-2020 | ORIGINAL PAPER | Uitgave 11/2020

Mindfulness 11/2020

An Exploratory Study on the Relations Between Mindfulness and Mindfulness-Based Intervention Outcomes

Tijdschrift:
Mindfulness > Uitgave 11/2020
Auteurs:
Miquel Tortella-Feliu, José Luís-Reig, Juan Gea, Ausiàs Cebolla, Joaquim Soler
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s12671-020-01471-x) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Objectives

We explored whether baseline individual differences in mindfulness related to changes in mindfulness and emotional outcomes, following a mindfulness-based intervention (MBI).

Method

Self-reported and behavioral mindfulness, as measured with a breath counting tool, and self-reported emotional outcomes were assessed in fifty community participants, previous to being randomly allocated to a group MBI (or to a waiting list control condition). At post-intervention, participants initially allocated in the control condition started group MBI training and a 3-month follow-up was available for the full sample.

Results

MBI increased self-reported and behavioral mindfulness both from pre- to post-intervention (p < .001, d ranging from 1.16 to 2.11) and from pre-intervention to follow-up (p < .001, d ranging from 0.97 to − 1.87), as well as reduced distress and perseverative thinking, and increased well-being (p < .001, d ranging from 2.16 to 2.22 and from 2.12 to 2.43, from pre- to post-intervention and to follow-up, respectively). Lower baseline mindfulness was associated with higher increase in mindfulness indexes following MBI (p < .001), while baseline mindfulness measures did not predict emotional outcomes neither at post-intervention nor at follow-up. Higher baseline psychological distress and perseverative thinking and lower psychological well-being were related, respectively, to greater reductions in emotional symptoms and a higher increase in well-being.

Conclusions

Although participants with lower baseline mindfulness showed greater increase in mindfulness than their higher counterparts, the more the emotional symptoms and the lower the well-being at pre-intervention, the more benefit could be gained from an MBI irrespective of baseline mindfulness.

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