Skip to main content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research 6/2019

24-05-2019 | Original Article

An experimental Study on the Induction of an Eating Disorder-Specific Interpretation Bias in Healthy Individuals: Testing the Interpretation Modification Paradigm for Eating Disorders (IMP-ED)

Auteurs: Julia Korn, Fanny Alexandra Dietel, Andrea Sabrina Hartmann

Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research | Uitgave 6/2019

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

The aim of this experimental study was to examine whether interpretation biases are possible mechanisms of genesis of eating disorders (ED). We investigated the induction of an interpretation bias in healthy women using an Interpretation Modification Paradigm for ED (IMP-ED). We employed a modified version of the Word-Sentences Association Paradigm, with feedback reinforcing positive or negative responses to enhance either positive or negative interpretation, respectively. These two training conditions (n = 33 each) were compared to a no-feedback control group (n = 31). Effects on appearance-related self-esteem and body satisfaction as well as emotional vulnerability were measured in a subsequent Cyberball Ostracism Task (COT). Reinforcement of positive responses significantly reduced the endorsement of negative interpretations compared to the control group. Reinforcement of negative responses compared to no-feedback significantly decreased appearance-related self-esteem and reduced body image satisfaction compared to positivity training. The induction did not add to the deterioration in self-esteem, body satisfaction, and emotions experienced due to the COT. The IMP-ED successfully changed initial response tendencies by reducing a threat bias, and influenced core symptoms. Impacts of modifications of interpretation tendencies on emotional vulnerability and symptoms should be further studied in clinical samples, and could eventually inform the development of an efficient and economic online bias modification program.
Literatuur
go back to reference Amir, N., Foa, E. B., & Coles, M. E. (1998). Negative interpretation bias in social phobia. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 36(10), 945–957. CrossRef Amir, N., Foa, E. B., & Coles, M. E. (1998). Negative interpretation bias in social phobia. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 36(10), 945–957. CrossRef
go back to reference Beck, A. T., & Clark, D. A. (1997). An information processing model of anxiety: Automatic and strategic processes. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 35(1), 49–58. CrossRefPubMed Beck, A. T., & Clark, D. A. (1997). An information processing model of anxiety: Automatic and strategic processes. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 35(1), 49–58. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & Brown, G. K. (1996). Manual for the Beck Depression Inventory-II. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation. Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & Brown, G. K. (1996). Manual for the Beck Depression Inventory-II. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation.
go back to reference Cooper, M. (1997). Bias in interpretation of ambiguous scenarios in eating disorders. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 35(7), 619–626. CrossRefPubMed Cooper, M. (1997). Bias in interpretation of ambiguous scenarios in eating disorders. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 35(7), 619–626. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Durkin, S. J., & Paxton, S. J. (2002). Predictors of vulnerability to reduced body image satisfaction and psychological wellbeing in response to exposure to idealized female media images in adolescent girls. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 53(5), 995–1005. CrossRefPubMed Durkin, S. J., & Paxton, S. J. (2002). Predictors of vulnerability to reduced body image satisfaction and psychological wellbeing in response to exposure to idealized female media images in adolescent girls. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 53(5), 995–1005. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Eysenck, M. W., Mogg, K., May, J., Richards, A., & Mathews, A. (1991). Bias in interpretation of ambiguous sentences related to threat in anxiety. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 100(2), 144–150. CrossRefPubMed Eysenck, M. W., Mogg, K., May, J., Richards, A., & Mathews, A. (1991). Bias in interpretation of ambiguous sentences related to threat in anxiety. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 100(2), 144–150. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Fairburn, C. G., & Beglin, S. J. (1994). Assessment of eating disorders: Interview or self-report questionnaire? International Journal of Eating Disorders, 16(4), 363–370. PubMed Fairburn, C. G., & Beglin, S. J. (1994). Assessment of eating disorders: Interview or self-report questionnaire? International Journal of Eating Disorders, 16(4), 363–370. PubMed
go back to reference Fairburn, C. G., Cooper, Z., & Shafran, R. (2003). Cognitive behaviour therapy for eating disorders: A “transdiagnostic” theory and treatment. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41(5), 509–528. CrossRefPubMed Fairburn, C. G., Cooper, Z., & Shafran, R. (2003). Cognitive behaviour therapy for eating disorders: A “transdiagnostic” theory and treatment. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41(5), 509–528. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hautzinger, M., Keller, F., & Kühner, C. (2006). Das Beck Depressionsinventar II. Deutsche Bearbeitung und Handbuch zum BDI II. Frankfurt a.M.: Harcourt Test Services. Hautzinger, M., Keller, F., & Kühner, C. (2006). Das Beck Depressionsinventar II. Deutsche Bearbeitung und Handbuch zum BDI II. Frankfurt a.M.: Harcourt Test Services.
go back to reference Heatherton, T. F., & Polivy, J. (1991). Development and validation of a scale for measuring state self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60(6), 895–910. CrossRef Heatherton, T. F., & Polivy, J. (1991). Development and validation of a scale for measuring state self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60(6), 895–910. CrossRef
go back to reference Heinberg, L. J., & Thompson, J. K. (1995). Body image and televised images of thinness and attractiveness: A controlled laboratory investigation. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 14(4), 325–338. CrossRef Heinberg, L. J., & Thompson, J. K. (1995). Body image and televised images of thinness and attractiveness: A controlled laboratory investigation. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 14(4), 325–338. CrossRef
go back to reference Hilbert, A., & Tuschen-Caffier, B. (2006). Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire: Deutschsprachige Übersetzung. Münster: Verlag für Psychotherapie. Hilbert, A., & Tuschen-Caffier, B. (2006). Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire: Deutschsprachige Übersetzung. Münster: Verlag für Psychotherapie.
go back to reference Korn, J., Dietel, F.A., Hartmann, A.S. (2019). Is it only about being fat? The specificity of interpretation biases in women with eating disorder symptoms: An online experimental assessment. Manuscript submitted for publication Korn, J., Dietel, F.A., Hartmann, A.S. (2019). Is it only about being fat? The specificity of interpretation biases in women with eating disorder symptoms: An online experimental assessment. Manuscript submitted for publication
go back to reference Krohne, H. W., Egloff, B., Kohlmann, C.-W., & Tausch, A. (1996). Untersuchung mit einer deutschen Form der Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS). Diagnostica, 42(2), 139–156. Krohne, H. W., Egloff, B., Kohlmann, C.-W., & Tausch, A. (1996). Untersuchung mit einer deutschen Form der Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS). Diagnostica, 42(2), 139–156.
go back to reference Lawson, C., MacLeod, C., & Hammond, G. (2002). Interpretation revealed in the blink of an eye: Depressive bias in the resolution of ambiguity. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 111(2), 321–328. CrossRefPubMed Lawson, C., MacLeod, C., & Hammond, G. (2002). Interpretation revealed in the blink of an eye: Depressive bias in the resolution of ambiguity. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 111(2), 321–328. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference MacLeod, C., Rutherford, E., Campbell, L., Ebsworthy, G., & Holker, L. (2002). Selective attention and emotional vulnerability: Assessing the causal basis of their association through the experimental manipulation of attentional bias. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 111(1), 107–123. CrossRefPubMed MacLeod, C., Rutherford, E., Campbell, L., Ebsworthy, G., & Holker, L. (2002). Selective attention and emotional vulnerability: Assessing the causal basis of their association through the experimental manipulation of attentional bias. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 111(1), 107–123. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Mathews, A., & Mackintosh, B. (2000). Induced emotional interpretation bias and anxiety. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 109(4), 602–615. CrossRefPubMed Mathews, A., & Mackintosh, B. (2000). Induced emotional interpretation bias and anxiety. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 109(4), 602–615. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Mathews, A., & MacLeod, C. (2002). Induced processing biases have causal effects on anxiety. Cognition and Emotion, 16, 331–354. CrossRef Mathews, A., & MacLeod, C. (2002). Induced processing biases have causal effects on anxiety. Cognition and Emotion, 16, 331–354. CrossRef
go back to reference O'Keefe, D. J. (2003). Colloquy: Should familywise alpha be adjusted? Human Communication Research, 29(3), 431–447. O'Keefe, D. J. (2003). Colloquy: Should familywise alpha be adjusted? Human Communication Research, 29(3), 431–447.
go back to reference Popescu, A. M., & Băban, A. (2014). Cognitive biases as vulnerability factors to emotional disorders: A developmental perspective. Cognition, Brain, Behavior: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 18(3), 229–242. Popescu, A. M., & Băban, A. (2014). Cognitive biases as vulnerability factors to emotional disorders: A developmental perspective. Cognition, Brain, Behavior: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 18(3), 229–242.
go back to reference Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University. CrossRef Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University. CrossRef
go back to reference Rudolph, A., Schröder-Abé, M., & Schütz, A. (2015). Development and validation of a German-language version of the State-Self-Esteem Scale. Poster presented at the XXIX International Congress of Psychology 2008 in Berlin. In Chemnitz: Universität, Institut für Psychologie. Rudolph, A., Schröder-Abé, M., & Schütz, A. (2015). Development and validation of a German-language version of the State-Self-Esteem Scale. Poster presented at the XXIX International Congress of Psychology 2008 in Berlin. In Chemnitz: Universität, Institut für Psychologie.
go back to reference Stice, E. (2002). Risk and maintenance factors for eating pathology: A meta-analytic review. Psychological Bulletin, 128(5), 825–848. CrossRefPubMed Stice, E. (2002). Risk and maintenance factors for eating pathology: A meta-analytic review. Psychological Bulletin, 128(5), 825–848. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Summers, B. J., & Cougle, J. R. (2018). Effects of an appearance-focused interpretation training intervention on eating disorder symptoms. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 46(6), 676–689. CrossRefPubMed Summers, B. J., & Cougle, J. R. (2018). Effects of an appearance-focused interpretation training intervention on eating disorder symptoms. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 46(6), 676–689. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Williams, K. D., & Jarvis, B. (2006). Cyberball: A program for use in research on interpersonal ostracism and acceptance. Behavior Research Methods, 38(1), 174–180. CrossRefPubMed Williams, K. D., & Jarvis, B. (2006). Cyberball: A program for use in research on interpersonal ostracism and acceptance. Behavior Research Methods, 38(1), 174–180. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Williams, K. D., Cheung, C. K., & Choi, W. (2000). Cyberostracism: Effects of being ignored over the Internet. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79(5), 748–762. CrossRefPubMed Williams, K. D., Cheung, C. K., & Choi, W. (2000). Cyberostracism: Effects of being ignored over the Internet. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79(5), 748–762. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Williams, J. M. G., Watts, F. N., MacLeod, C., & Mathews, A. (1997). Cognitive psychology and the emotional disorders (2nd ed.). New York: John Wiley & Sons. Williams, J. M. G., Watts, F. N., MacLeod, C., & Mathews, A. (1997). Cognitive psychology and the emotional disorders (2nd ed.). New York: John Wiley & Sons.
go back to reference Williamson, D. A., Perrin, L., Blouin, D. C., & Barbin, J. M. (2000). Cognitive bias in eating disorders: Interpretation of ambiguous body-related information. Eat Weight Disord, 5(3), 143–151. CrossRefPubMed Williamson, D. A., Perrin, L., Blouin, D. C., & Barbin, J. M. (2000). Cognitive bias in eating disorders: Interpretation of ambiguous body-related information. Eat Weight Disord, 5(3), 143–151. CrossRefPubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
An experimental Study on the Induction of an Eating Disorder-Specific Interpretation Bias in Healthy Individuals: Testing the Interpretation Modification Paradigm for Eating Disorders (IMP-ED)
Auteurs
Julia Korn
Fanny Alexandra Dietel
Andrea Sabrina Hartmann
Publicatiedatum
24-05-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Cognitive Therapy and Research / Uitgave 6/2019
Print ISSN: 0147-5916
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2819
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-019-10026-x

Andere artikelen Uitgave 6/2019

Cognitive Therapy and Research 6/2019 Naar de uitgave