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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 6/2006

01-08-2006

An Examination of Movement Kinematics in Young People with High-functioning Autism and Asperger’s Disorder: Further Evidence for a Motor Planning Deficit

Auteurs: Nicole J. Rinehart, Mark A. Bellgrove, Bruce J. Tonge, Avril V. Brereton, Debra Howells-Rankin, John L. Bradshaw

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 6/2006

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Abstract

This paper examines upper-body movement kinematics in individuals with high-functioning autism (HFA) and Asperger’s disorder (AD). In general, the results indicate that HFA is more consistently associated with impaired motoric preparation/initiation than AD. The data further suggest that this quantitative difference in motor impairment is not necessarily underpinned by greater executive dysfunction vulnerability in autism relative to AD. Quantitative motoric dissociation between autism and AD may have down-stream effects on later stages of movement resulting in qualitative differences between these disorder groups, e.g. “motor clumsiness” in AD versus “abnormal posturing” in autism. It will be important for future research to map the developmental trajectory of motor abnormalities in these disorder groups.
Voetnoten
1
We acknowledge that Reaction Time is not a pure measure of ‘motor preparation’ as the involvement of attentional deployment and other cognitive factors can not easily be extracted from this measure. Notwithstanding, the separation of the early and late stage components of this kinematics task is a very close approximate to the preparation and execution aspects of movement.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
An Examination of Movement Kinematics in Young People with High-functioning Autism and Asperger’s Disorder: Further Evidence for a Motor Planning Deficit
Auteurs
Nicole J. Rinehart
Mark A. Bellgrove
Bruce J. Tonge
Avril V. Brereton
Debra Howells-Rankin
John L. Bradshaw
Publicatiedatum
01-08-2006
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 6/2006
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-006-0118-x