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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 4/2016

04-06-2016

An Examination of Concurrent and Incremental Validity of Four Mindfulness Scales

Auteurs: Federica Andrei, Ashley Vesely, Alex B. Siegling

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment | Uitgave 4/2016

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Abstract

General consensus among psychologists supports the beneficial effects of mindfulness in the treatment of a wide range of clinical conditions such as personality, mood, and anxiety disorders. Several scales used to assess this psychological construct, mainly rooted in Eastern traditions, are currently available to researchers and clinicians. However, the conceptualization and measurement of mindfulness has been considerably diverse. The present study examines the concurrent and incremental validity of four scales: the Philadelphia Mindfulness Scale (PHLMS), the Toronto Mindfulness Scale (TMS), the Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ), and the Langer Mindfulness Scale (LMS). Two independent samples of 176 adults and 397 students, respectively, were recruited. With few exceptions, results were consistent across the two samples and indicated that measures based on an Eastern conceptualization of mindfulness (TMS, PHLMS, and FFMQ) show a different pattern of association with the chosen outcomes compared to the LMS, which is based on a Western conceptualization. Overall, the PHLMS showed the strongest predictive effects and the LMS the weakest in terms of both number of predicted criteria and average effect size. Implications for research and practice are discussed.
Voetnoten
1
For ease of readability, beta coefficients for regression models are not discussed in detail. However, they are available upon request from the first author.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
An Examination of Concurrent and Incremental Validity of Four Mindfulness Scales
Auteurs
Federica Andrei
Ashley Vesely
Alex B. Siegling
Publicatiedatum
04-06-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment / Uitgave 4/2016
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-016-9546-x

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