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18-01-2015 | Original Article | Uitgave 6/2015

Child Psychiatry & Human Development 6/2015

An Efficacy Trial of an Intervention Program for Children Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence

Tijdschrift:
Child Psychiatry & Human Development > Uitgave 6/2015
Auteurs:
Sandra A. Graham-Bermann, Laura E. Miller-Graff, Kathryn H. Howell, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor

Abstract

Children exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV) are at high risk for adjustment problems, especially internalizing disorders. Few evidence-based interventions are available to address internalizing behavior problems in this population. An efficacy trial compared outcomes for 4–6 year old children randomly assigned to a program designed to address the effects of exposure to IPV with those allocated to a waitlist comparison condition. Mothers (N = 120) and children from the United States and Canada were assessed at baseline, 5 weeks later (post-intervention) and at 8-month follow-up. The evaluation compared rates of change over time for child internalizing problems. Results were analyzed using both intent-to-treat (ITT) and per-protocol (PP) approaches. ITT analyses indicated the program reduced internalizing problems for girls at follow-up. PP analyses indicated the program reduced internalizing problems for both boys and girls at post-intervention. In this study, child internalizing problems were significantly reduced through an intervention for the mother and the child.

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