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01-08-2020 | ORIGINAL PAPER | Uitgave 11/2020 Open Access

Mindfulness 11/2020

An Effectiveness Study of a Digital Mindfulness-Based Program for Upper Secondary Education Students

Mindfulness > Uitgave 11/2020
Oskari Lahtinen, Christina Salmivalli
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Mindfulness-based programs/interventions (MBPs) are emerging as treatments for anxiety and stress for adults and adolescents. MBPs can also be helpful as universal interventions for healthy subjects. Few studies have looked at how beneficial MBP effects transfer to digital MBPs.


The study was a randomized controlled trial with 1349 participants aged mostly 16–19. We compared a digital MBP vs. a waitlist condition. Online questionnaire data were collected pre-program, post-program, and at 3-month follow-up.


Completing the MBP resulted in a small-to-moderate reduction in anxiety (F1,681 = 13.71, p < .01, d = .26), a small reduction in depression (F1,686 = 8.54, p < .01, d = .15), and a small increase in psychological quality of life (F1,708 = 3.94, p = .05, d = .16). Attrition rate for the MBP was 41.5%.


The results suggest that digital MBPs can be successful in delivering at least some of the benefits characteristic of face-to-face MBPs.

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