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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 4/2011

01-05-2011

An Ecological Risk Model for Early Childhood Anxiety: The Importance of Early Child Symptoms and Temperament

Auteurs: Nicholas D. Mian, Laurel Wainwright, Margaret J. Briggs-Gowan, Alice S. Carter

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 4/2011

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Abstract

Childhood anxiety is impairing and associated with later emotional disorders. Studying risk factors for child anxiety may allow earlier identification of at-risk children for prevention efforts. This study applied an ecological risk model to address how early childhood anxiety symptoms, child temperament, maternal anxiety and depression symptoms, violence exposure, and sociodemographic risk factors predict school-aged anxiety symptoms. This longitudinal, prospective study was conducted in a representative birth cohort (n = 1109). Structural equation modeling was used to examine hypothesized associations between risk factors measured in toddlerhood/preschool (age = 3.0 years) and anxiety symptoms measured in kindergarten (age = 6.0 years) and second grade (age = 8.0 years). Early child risk factors (anxiety symptoms and temperament) emerged as the most robust predictor for both parent-and child-reported anxiety outcomes and mediated the effects of maternal and family risk factors. Implications for early intervention and prevention studies are discussed.
Voetnoten
1
Language problems were included due to the overlap between language and behavior problems as risk factors for later social/emotional and behavioral problems.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
An Ecological Risk Model for Early Childhood Anxiety: The Importance of Early Child Symptoms and Temperament
Auteurs
Nicholas D. Mian
Laurel Wainwright
Margaret J. Briggs-Gowan
Alice S. Carter
Publicatiedatum
01-05-2011
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 4/2011
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-010-9476-0

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