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Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 1/2018

24-07-2017 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Altering the Trajectory of Affect and Affect Regulation: the Impact of Compassion Training

Auteurs: Hooria Jazaieri, Kelly McGonigal, Ihno A. Lee, Thupten Jinpa, James R. Doty, James J. Gross, Philippe R. Goldin

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 1/2018

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Abstract

A growing literature has begun to document the effects of compassion training on a variety of important interpersonal behaviors (e.g., helping behavior). What is not yet well understood, however, is what impact compassion training has on affect and affect regulation. To examine this issue, we implemented a 9-week compassion training program in which 51 adults provided twice-daily ratings of four affective states (anxiety, calm, fatigue, alertness) as well as their desire and capability to regulate these affective states. In addition, participants provided weekly responses regarding five specific regulatory strategies. Analysis of day-to-day trajectories of affective experience showed a decrease in anxiety and increase in calmness. Day-to-day trajectories of affect regulation demonstrated that participants were more likely to choose to accept and thus not influence or modulate affective experience (as opposed to dampen, enhance, or hold on to or maintain the affective state). At the same time, participants also reported being more capable in meeting their respective regulatory goals. Finally, analysis of week-to-week trajectories of specific regulatory strategies over the course of the compassion training program demonstrated that participants shifted to lesser use of expressive suppression and greater acceptance when experiencing stress/anxiety. These results suggest that interventions such as compassion training may help modulate specific affective states and modify the use of and self-efficacy for specific regulatory strategies.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Altering the Trajectory of Affect and Affect Regulation: the Impact of Compassion Training
Auteurs
Hooria Jazaieri
Kelly McGonigal
Ihno A. Lee
Thupten Jinpa
James R. Doty
James J. Gross
Philippe R. Goldin
Publicatiedatum
24-07-2017
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 1/2018
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-017-0773-3